Krishi Vigyan Kendra

Krsihi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) are agricultural extension centres created by ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research) and its affiliated institutions at district level to provide various types of farm support to the agricultural sector.

The first KVK was established during 1974 (Pondichery) .

The mandate of KVK is Technology Assessment and Demonstration for its Application and Capacity Development. To implement the mandate effectively, the following activities are envisaged for each KVK.

  • On-farm testing to assess the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
  • Frontline demonstrations to establish production potential of technologies on the farmers’ fields
  • Capacity development of farmers and extension personnel to update their knowledge and skills on modern agricultural technologies
  • To work as Knowledge and Resource Centre of agricultural technologies for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sectors in improving the agricultural economy of the district.
  • Provide farm advisories using ICT and other media means on varied subjects of interest to farmers.

In addition, KVK would produce quality technological products (seed, planting material, bio-agents, livestock) and make it available to farmers, organize frontline extension activities, identify and document selected farm innovations and converge with ongoing schemes and programmes within the mandate of KVK.

The Government has launched Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) Portal which will help in monitoring the functioning of KVKs at the National level and in providing timely information and advisory to the farmers.

The aim of the portal is to transfer the technologies developed by the agricultural scientists to the farmers in a fast and effective manner using web and mobile technology as well as to monitor the activities of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs).

About ICAR

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare , Government of India. Formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture. The ICAR has its headquarters at New Delhi.

The Council is the apex body for co-ordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. 

Practice question:

Which of the following are the focus areas of research of ICAR?
    1. Genetic potential enhancement of agricultural commodities.
    2.  Agricultural productivity, efficiency and profitability improvement.
    3. Improve Nutritional food, and health security.
    4. Bio-security emerging from gene piracy and cross-border vector borne diseases.


       a)  1, 2 and 3

       b)  2 and 3

       c)  1, 3 and 4

       d)  All

Ans: d

Exp: Focus Areas of Research

  • Genetic potential enhancement of agricultural commodities.
  • Agricultural productivity, efficiency and profitability improvement.
  • Resilience to climate change and abiotic and biotic stresses.
  • Improve Nutritional food, and health security.
  • Risk management against climate change and market stressors.
  • Agricultural value chains.
  • Sustainability of natural resources base of agriculture.
  • Valuation of ecosystem services.
  • Agricultural markets, policies, and institutions.
  • Bio-security, especially emerging from gene piracy and cross-border vector borne diseases.
  • New products and uses(e.g, bio-energy, new crops, synthetic foods, special foods)