The ‘Maa Narmada Mahotsav’ occurred between 6thSeptember to 15th September. Under this Mahotsav, a chariot, named ‘Narmada Rath’ would move in 10,000 villages of 24 districts to spread awareness about the importance of the project and its benefits to around four (4) crore citizens of Gujarat.
The Narmada, also called the Rewa, is a river in central India and the fifth longest river in the Indian subcontinent. It is the third longest river that flows entirely within India, after the Godavari, and the Krishna.
It forms the traditional boundary between North Indiaand South India and flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km (815.2 mi) before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea, 30 km (18.6 mi) west of Bharuch city of Gujarat.
The source of the Narmada is a small reservoir, known as the Narmada Kund, located at Amarkantak on the Amarkantak Plateau in the Anuppur District, Shahdol zone of eastern Madhya Pradesh.
Recent Projects on Narmada waters
Three major schemes of Gujarat Government have been launched such as Sauni Yojana, Sujlam Suflam Yojana and Sardar Sarovar Yojana for the development of the State. Due to these ambitious schemes, Narmada waters would now reach to the far-flung water deficient regions of the state which receive scanty rainfall.
Sauni Yojana is a project with an objective of filling 115 major dams by diverting flood waters overflowing from the Sardar Sarovar Dam across the Narmada River, to divert them to the drought prone areas of Saurashtra region.
Under Sujlam Suflam Yojana, one million acre feet of flood waters of Narmada are to be provided to North Gujarat region by spreading canals and 14 pipelines. The approximate cost for the project is Rs. 4000 crore. Under this project, 697 reservoirs of 8 districts are to be filled with Narmada waters due to which approximately 1,88,600 acres of land would be benefitted.
Saradar Sarovar Dam is a part of the yojana by the same name and the dam is situated in Navagam, Dist. Bharuch which is 530 feet high from the sea surface.
Some facts about Saradar Sarovar Dam
• This project provides irrigation to 18 lacs hectare land of Gujarat and 2.46 lacs hectare land of Rajasthan.
• The project aims to benefit approximately 10 lakh farmers. 10 lakh job opportunities are expected to be created in the rural areas which will help to prevent the migration from rural to urban areas.
• Sardar Sarovar Dam is also a unique example of great engineering works.
• It is India’s biggest concrete gravity dam with 1210 meters length and 163 meters height from the foundation. Narmada’s main canal is world’s biggest canal with 458 km length and its water carrying capacity is 40,000 cubic feet per second.
• It has world’s first canal top solar power plant which saves land and reduces water evaporation from the canal.
1. Which of the following national parks are located within the Narmada Basin?
1. Mandla Plant Fossil National Park
2. Kanha National Park
3. Panna National Park
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) Only 2
Exp: National parks like Kanha National Park, Satpura National Park, and Mandla Plant Fossil National Park are important tourist attractions in the area.