Smart housing

In all the developed countries, mass housing has always been by way of factory production.

Thus the examples of smart housing can be:

• Modular Homes

This system comprises of various housing components manufactured in a controlled factory environment and simply assembled at site. Almost 90 per cent of the house including walls, flooring, ceiling, stairs and finishes are made in the factory. The assembly of these at site takes a mere 1 day for 1 house.

Besides savings in cost and time, excellent quality and finish can be obtained.

• Panelised Homes

This system involves advanced construction techniques to develop energy efficient durable houses built in a factory environment.

With the help of computer assisted design programmes, houses can be designed to suit individual pockets and produced accordingly in the factory.

Wall and roof panels are engineered and fabricated in a manufacturing plant and shipped to the home site for assembly in a few days.

State-of-the art technology ensures that panels are manufactured with quality and precision with dimensional accuracy and meeting code provisions. They are also disaster resistant.
Factory assembly means reduced construction material waste, less job site disturbance and easier clean-up.

• Log Homes

Contrary to the popular belief that timber construction is not environment-friendly, commercial timber production is done without seriously damaging the environment. Trees are a renewable resource and log home construction earns points as a green building material. Pre cut home kits are designed and delivered at site for assembly. This is an organic and simple way to build. Such buildings are also energy efficient and thermally comfortable.

• Concrewall

This construction system is based on modular elements made of shaped polystyrene panels that are contained between two sheets of galvanised welded meshes. The vertical mesh wires are set along the polystyrene ‘waves’, thus creating reinforced concrete micropillars once the panel is coated with concrete. The above wires are bound to each other by the mesh horizontal wires and joined orthogonally by the links which keep the two meshes together. Joint twisting is prevented by welding; in other words, as these joints are all welded, all transversal and longitudinal motion is prevented resulting in absolute indeformable panels.

Practice question:

1. Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin aims at providing financial assistance for construction of pucca house to all houseless and households living in dilapidated houses. The identification of beneficiaries will be done using which of the following data?

a) Rangarajan data on Poverty

b) SECC, 2011 data

c) Data from Gram Panchayats

d) Identification by State government

Ans: b
Exp: Identification of beneficiaries eligible for assistance and their prioritization to be done
using information from Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) ensuring total transparency
and objectivity.
The list will be presented to Gram Sabha to identify beneficiaries who have been assisted before or who have become ineligible due to other reasons. The finalized list will be published.
The cost of unit assistance to be shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North Eastern and hilly states.