Introductory lecture on Indian Polity. It discusses about basic polity concepts as importance of designing constitution, how its implementation varied between states, role of government, etc.
Formation of Indian constitution; features of written and non-written constitution, different Acts which laid foundation of the constitution, features taken from abroad, etc.
Debates related to the basic features of the constitution as
(a) Does people enacted the constitution?
(b) Who is sovereign in India?
(c) Ideology during formation of constitution.
Transitional Indian society during partition and after independence, changes in Indian society and their demands engraved in the constitution.
Preamble — It covers factual information about Preamble, different dimensions as legal in case of SC cases, wider interrelations, amendments related to it, linkage with DPSP.
Meaning of Preamble – Sovereignty, Socialist, Republic, Secular and Democratic. Detail description about Secularism.
Detail description about Socialism.
Detail description about Political, Economic and Social justice.
Detail description about Democracy.
Constitutional Provisions related to the formation of state, concept of Union and State as stated in Article-1, concept of federalism.
State Reorganization Commission Analysis linguistic basis of division of states and its implications, citizenship concept under consolidation.
Article-12 defamation of state, debate related to Article 13(2) i.e., laws inconsistent with the constitution, concept of judicial review.
Basic structure of the constitution, introduction to concept of fundamental rights and their division. Provision related to Right to Equality.
Reasonable restrictions, Article 16, concept of reservation, untouchability Right to Freedom of speech.
Detail description about Article 20, concept of ex-post facto laws, preventive detention and its provisions.
Discussion about Right to Life and Liberty, different Supreme Court interpretations related to it, debate on issue of capital punishment and right to life.
Debate on issues related to Article 21 as Issue of legalization or decriminalization of Prostitution with special reference to govt. effort of ‘rehabilitation of sex workers, provisions related to minorities, minority institutions in the Constitution.
Basic information related to Pillars of government – Executive, legislature and judiciary; President – election process, powers, ordinance process, and discretionary powers.
Discussion on Pardoning power of the President, Emergency provisions in the Constitution; constitutional remedies for violation of fundamental rights.
Issue of President’s rule and its Misuse, Legislative process of passage of Bill, other provisions related to the Parliament.
Basic concept of Separation of powers, whip provision, Anti-defection law – basic concept and issues.
Powers related to Judiciary, Appellate Jurisdiction, interpretation of the constitution, Collegium system and NJAC.
Financial provisions in the constitution, inter-linkage and coordination between Legislature, Judiciary and executive, alternative redressal mechanism – LokAdalat, Administrative Tribunal.
Provisions related to the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments, challenges in implementation of decentralization, Centre-State relations and issues.
Centre-state relation – administrative and financial relation, discussion on Judicial Activism.
Basic concepts (GOVERNANCE)
Concept of Governance, Policy definition and formulation, concept of Policy process, Role of various actors, Policy Issues - With respect to Education, Health, etc .
Development: meaning and scope, models of development, institutional structure of development, Role of various Actors from past to present as Planning commission, finance commission , Nitiaayog, decentralized planning and issues, social audit.
New paradigm of development as gender development approaches, national policy for woman 2016, schemes and programmes for women development, analysis of other schemes as Aadhar, Jan DhanYojana, etc.
Analysis of government programmes as Smart Cities project, AMRUT, Rurban Mission, Adarsh Gram Yojna, SwachchaBharatAbhiyan, MGNREGA issues, social security for unorganised sector, Atal Pension Yojana.
Civil service reforms, Values & principles of bureaucracy & public service, corruptions issues, legal framework, RTI, etc.
Contemporary issues (Polity)
Discussion on the pattern of questions asked, answer writing format for scoring better. Contemporary issues related to federalism as demand for new states; voting rights to PIOs and NRI; fundamental rights, criminal defamation, etc.
Contemporary issues related to Fundamental Rights Article 15 and 16 as – Reservation movement for OBCs.
Contemporary Issues related to the Article 19 as – Censorship on media.
Debate on Article 21 as Right to life includes Right to Die; Euthanasia.
Right to Equality related to Transgenders. Need for social emancipation, legal rights, etc.
Debate of Article 22 and 23 as - related to Preventive detention, Anti-terrorist laws, human trafficking and child labour law.
debate on DPSP vs. Fundamental Rights, Judicial review, need for uniform civil code, reform in personal laws, Issue of Triple Talaq.
Issues related to President as pardoning power, judicial review in pardoning power, emergency power with respect to President’s Rule, process of appointment of Governor, etc.
Power tussle between Judiciary and Legislature which lead to arising of issues related to Tribunal power and functions, NJAC bill. Other issues as judicial accountability, Public Interest Litigation, proposal for National Court of Appeal.
Discussion on issues related to Legislature – Use of Money in RajyaSabha election, Frequent Issuing of Ordinance, Anti-Defection Law. Discussion on issues related to Elections – Electoral Reform, proposal of NRI voting, Electoral Role Purifcation, NOTA. Law Commission report on Electoral reform
Issues related to Federal Structure in India, changing trend in Union-State relationship, impact of globalization, economic reforms on the centre-state relation.
Contemporary Issues (Governance)
Discussion on Second ARC – reform related to Personnel Administration, structural reforms required in bureaucracy.
Discussion on Second ARC report related to Citizen Centric Administration, issues in implementation of policies.
Grievance Redressal Mechanism in administration, Citizen Charter, issue of corruption.
Public Service Reforms, poor implementation of reforms, lack of performance appraisal.
Second ARC recommendations on improving E-governance, different forms of e-governance projects, challenges in implementation of e-governance projects.
Analysis of recent Acts – Whistleblower Protection act, meaning, objectives of act.
7th Pay Commission – Issues and analysis
14th Finance Commission – Recommendations and its wide implications.
Second ARC report on Ethics in Governance, concept of risk profiling.
Concept of Cooperative federalism, transmission from planning commission to NitiAayog, transfer of funds from centre to states, etc.
Model Land Leasing Law of NitiAayog, pattern of leasing in India and its lacunaes. Real Estate Act – Issues and challenges. Urban Housing Policy and its importance.
Draft National Women Policy, 2016 addressing issues related to violence, livelihood, etc.
National Civil Aviation Policy – objectives, main highlights, its implication on Indian economy.
Recent Programme and Policies – Financial inclusion programmes, Aadhar role in financial inclusion, Swatchch Bharat Abhiyan, SansadAdarsh Gram Yojana.
Miscellaneous topics related to Polity and Governance as – Lodha Committee report, Autonomy of Sports institutions, NamamiGangeProgramme, CAMPA Act.
Test Series Archive
Test 1 - Polity
Test 2 - Governance
Test 3 - Polity & Governance
PROCEDURE OF ONLINE CLASSES
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