• Neeranchal will lead to reducing surface runoff of rainwater, increasing recharge of ground water and better availability of water in rainfed areas resulting in incremental rainfed agriculture productivity, enhanced milk yield and increased cropping intensity through better convergence related programmes in project areas.
• The project will be implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development.
• It is a six-year period (2016-21) will support the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana in hydrology and water management, agricultural production systems, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation.
• The Neeranchal project was approved by the cabinet with Bugdet sharing of 50% by Govt and rest 50% by the World Bank.
• All 28 states which implement the watershed projects will benefit from Neeranchal.
• 12% of the area which can be called as wasteland will be targeted through this project to make about 336 lakh hectares of land arable.
• Neeranchal is primarily designed to address the following concerns:
a) Bring about institutional changes in watershed and rainfed agricultural management practices in India,
b) Build systems that ensure watershed programmes and rainfed irrigation management practices are better focussed, and more coordinated, and have quantifiable results,
c) Devise strategies for the sustainability of improved watershed. Management practices in programme areas, even after the withdrawal of project support,
d) Through the watershed plus approach, support improved equity, livelihoods, and incomes through forward linkages, on a platform of inclusiveness and local participation.