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Yojana: Social Security

Much of India’s population consists of the poor, underprivileged, differently abled, marginalized, unorganized labour- all of whom require some kind of support from the government to sustain their lives.

Social security is a covenant that promises support to these vulnerable sectors of society, a covenant that cannot and should not be broken by a democratic government. Fortunately, our constitutional framers had built in provisions for social security for various sections of the population in Article 43 of the Constitution. And, successive governments have faithfully ensured the upkeep of the spirit of the Article.

This Edition of Yojana discusses about the different social security schemes in India.

1. Health for All

2. Empowering the Differently Abled

3. Prioritising agriculture to nutrition pathways

4. Nurturing a Healthy Learning Environment

5. Systemic Reforms in MGNREGS

6. NPS-Lite/Swavalamban Scheme and the Atal Pension Yojana

These articles may help the aspirant in writing mains answer.

 

Health for All
Empowering the Differently Abled
Prioritising agriculture to nutrition pathways
Nurturing a Healthy Learning Environment
Systemic Reforms in MGNREGS
NPS-Lite/Swavalamban Scheme and the Atal Pension Yojana

Do You Know Compilation

 There are many terms which comes up in news daily and aspirants does not know the important aspects related to it except the literal meaning of that. 

 
Hereby compiling the “Do You Know” series from Yojana on the following topics:
 
a)      Labour Identification Number
 
b)      Legal Tender Money
 
c)       United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination
 
d)      Universal Basic Income
 
e)      eSAMPARK
 
f)       Project SAKSHAM
 
g)      Surya Jyoti
 
h)      Women Martyr of Indian Freedom Struggle
Labour Identification Number
Legal Tender Money
United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination
Universal Basic Income
eSAMPARK
Project SAKSHAM
Surya Jyoti
Women Martyr of Indian Freedom Struggle

Rural Development initiatives

Rural development implies both the economic betterment of people as well as greater social transformation. In order to provide the rural people with better prospects for economic development, increased participation of people in the rural development programmes, decentralization of planning, better enforcement of land reforms and greater access to credit are needed. 

For rural development government has initiated many initiatives such as Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, Soil Health Card, E-NAM, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY), Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), etc.

Hereby, providing the chapters from Kurukshetra magazine on rural development initiatives such as:

a) Road to Rural Prosperity: Some practical tips

b) Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission : Drive to Economic, Social and Infrastructure Development

c) Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

d) Smart Village: An Initiative for sustainable villages

e) Mission Indradhanush: Progress and Constraints

f) Measures Taken by the Government for Upliftment of Women in Agriculture Sector

 

Road to Rural Prosperity: Some practical tips
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
Smart Village: An Initiative for sustainable villages
Mission Indradhanush: Progress and Constraints
Measures Taken by the Government for Upliftment of Women

Less Cash Economy

Demonetisation is a radical monetary step in which a currency unit is declared as an invalid legal tender. This is usually done whenever there is a change in the national currency of a nation. 

On November 8, 2016 Prime Minister announced that Rs 500 and Rs 1000 denomination notes will become invalid and all notes in lower denomination of Rs 100, Rs 50, Rs 20, Rs 10, Rs 5, Rs 2 and Re 1 and all coins will continue to be a valid legal tender. 

He also added that new notes of Rs 2,000 and Rs 500 will be introduced. There was also no change effected in any other form of currency exchange like cheque, Demand draft (DD), payments made through credit cards and debit cards.

The motive was unearthing of black money and curbing of terror financing. Another motive of the government in demonetisation was to create a cashless economy.

However, in a country where a large proportion of the population is illiterate and the rural areas have inadequate infrastructure for digital transactions it is not possible to create a totally cashless economy. So, the effort has now been to create a less-cash economy i.e. a system of economy where part of the transactions are in cash and the rest in digital payments.

The impact of demonetization has been analyzed below under different chapters. 

a) From a Cash Economy to a Less-Cash Economy

b) Demonetisation - Impacting elections

c) Less Cash Economy: Impact on Black Money

d) Less-Cash Economy: India vis-avis the world

e) Digital Transformation: Boosting Rural Economy

f) Payment Systems in India–Driving “Less Cash Economy”

 

 

From a Cash Economy to a Less-Cash Economy
Demonetisation - Impacting elections
Less Cash Economy: Impact on Black Money
Less-Cash Economy: India vis-avis the world
Digital Transformation: Boosting Rural Economy
Payment Systems in India–Driving “Less Cash Economy”

Animal Husbandry

Animal husbandry in India is a branch of agriculture which deals with animals and their products. It is a source of income for the Indian farmers and helps in earning foreign exchange through export of animal products. Animals like cows, buffaloes, sheep and goat are valued significantly for their products in India.

Realising the potential of Animal Husbandry sector to strengthen our rural economy, the budgetary allocations have witnessed a rise through its various schemes and initiatives like National Livestock Mission, National Dairy Plan, National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development, National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres etc to get improved germplasm, semen selection for cross breeding, cattle breeding technologies to create more sturdy, resilient and productive progeny of cattle to enhance the production of eggs, milk, silk and other animal products. 

To understand the different issues related to animal husbandry, we are compiling different articles from Kurukshetra:

a) Sustainable development of indigenous dairy cattle in India

b) Enhancing Milk Productivity & Quality in India

c) Animal Husbandry: Scope and Challenges for Entrepreneurship

d) Poultry Development Industry in Rural India

e) Beekeeping for youths: Perspectives and Opportunities

f) Blue Revolution: The New Horizon of Indian Fisheries

These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on animal husbandry which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 

 

 

 

 

Sustainable development of indigenous dairy cattle in India
Enhancing Milk Productivity & Quality in India
Animal Husbandry: Scope and Challenges for Entrepreneurship
Poultry Development Industry in Rural India
Beekeeping for youths: Perspectives and Opportunities
Blue Revolution: The New Horizon of Indian Fisheries

Disaster Risk Management

Disasters, whether natural or man-made, have been part of man’s evolution since times immemorial.
 
The Indian subcontinent is among the world’s most disaster-prone areas. As per the current seismic zone map of the country, over 59 per cent of India’s land area is under threat of moderate to severe seismic hazard. Out of the total geographical area of 329 million hectares (mha), more than 40 mha is flood prone. On an average every year, 75 lakh hectares of land is affected, 1600 lives are lost and the damage caused to crops, houses and public utilities is Rs.1805 crores due to floods.
 
Over the years, losses due to disasters have shown growing trend in terms of lives and property throughout the world due to urbanization, increasing population and increasing degradation of environment.
 
To understand the different sectors related to disaster risk management, we are compiling different articles from Yojana:
 
a) Post Sendai Initiatives and Way Forward
b) Managing Disaster Risk
c) An International Perspective
d) Chemical Disasters: Prevention and Response
e) Biological Disasters: Prevention and Response
 
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Disaster which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 
 
Post Sendai Initiatives and Way Forward
Managing Disaster Risk
An International Perspective
Chemical Disasters: Prevention and Response
Biological Disasters: Prevention and Response

Textile: Weaving a New Story

Indian textile industry is the second largest employer after agriculture generating employment to over 45 million Indian people directly and over 60 million people indirectly. It contributes 4 per cent to the country’s GDP. 

Government has initiated programmes to take care of artisans’ welfare and familiarise them with latest technological advances. Still the textile industry faces many challenges.
 
To understand the different issues related to textile sector, we are compiling different
articles from Yojana:
 
a)    Ensuring Worker’s welfare
b)    Job creation and inclusive growth
c)    Technical Textiles: the Sunrise Industry
d)    Handlooms in India: Past, Present and Future
e)    Silk textile Industry: Challenges and Way forward
f)     Cluster Approach: A Strategy for Development 
g)    Indian Textiles: Global Scenario
 
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on textile Sector which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 
 
 
Ensuring Workers Welfare
Job Creation and Inclusive Growth
Technical Textiles: the sunrise Industry
Handlooms in India : Past Present and Future
Silk Textile Industry: Challenges and Way Forward
Cluster Approach: A Strategy for Development
Indian Textiles: Global Scenario

Tax Reform – Integral to Development

 Tax policies play an important role in the economy through their impact on both efficiency and equity. A good tax system should keep in view issues of income distribution and, at the same time, also endeavour to generate tax revenues to support government expenditure on public services and infrastructure development.

Over the years India has experienced unprecedented rates of economic growth. This growth required reforms in the taxation system to make it simpler and attractive for the foreign as well as domestic investors. In an effort to keep in line with the changes in global economy, Indian taxation system has undergone remarkable reforms during the last decade with rationalization and simplification of tax laws.

To understand the importance of tax reforms and GST, following articles have been selected from the Yojana:

1.       Tax Reforms – Past, Present and Future

2.       Ushering in a new era of Tax Reforms

3.       Black Money menace: Government on war-footing

4.       GST: Game changer for Indian economy

5.       Goods and Services Tax: the international experience

6.       GST: One Nation, One Tax

These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Tax Reforms which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.

 

Tax Reforms- Past, Present and Future
Ushering in a New Era of Tax Reforms
black money menace
Game changer for Indian Economy
Goods and Services Tax
One Nation, One Tax

Power for All

Electricity consumption is one of the most important indices that decide the development level of a nation. The Government of India is committed to improving the quality of life of its citizens through higher electricity consumption. However, According to Census 2011, there are 167.8 million households in rural areas out of which about 92,808,181 are electrified. 
 
Thus Government is taking steps for providing Power to All.
 
In this series we have compiled following chapters from the Yojana which may help in analyzing the true status of energy resources in India. The chapters are:
 
a) Energy Sector: The Challenge Of Power For All
b) Rural Electrification: A Development Challenge
c) Perception Management: A Big Challenge In The Growth Of Nuclear Power
d) The National Solar Mission: Marching Ahead In Solar Energy
e) Shale Gas In India: Challenges And Prospects
f) Energy Efficiency: Need Of The Hour
 
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions Energy Resources which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 
 
Energy Sector
Rural Electrification
Perception Management
The National Solar Mission
Shale Gas In India
Energy Efficiency

Differently-Abled

 
The culture of prejudices, social stigma and lack of disabled friendly infrastructure , severely restricts activity and discourage civic participation leading to isolation and discrimination of disables. This, in turn infringes upon rights of person with disability. There are many dimensions of rights provided to disables all over the world under Human Rights, Constitutional rights in India and statutory rights.  But in practice rules have been failed to be implemented.
 
To understand the different dimensions of disability following articles have been selected from the Yojana:
 
a)      Skilling the differently-abled
b)      Financial inclusion of the differently-abled
c)      Accesibility beyond disability and welfare
d)      Social inclusion for the differently- abled: Issues and Strategies
e)      ICT for the differently- abled
f)       Disability versus different abilities
 
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Disability which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.
Skilling the differently-abled
Financial inclusion of the differently-abled
Accesibility beyond disability and welfare
Social inclusion for the differently- abled
ICT for the differently
Disability versus different abilities
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