Much of India’s population consists of the poor, underprivileged, differently abled, marginalized, unorganized labour- all of whom require some kind of support from the government to sustain their lives.
Social security is a covenant that promises support to these vulnerable sectors of society, a covenant that cannot and should not be broken by a democratic government. Fortunately, our constitutional framers had built in provisions for social security for various sections of the population in Article 43 of the Constitution. And, successive governments have faithfully ensured the upkeep of the spirit of the Article.
This Edition of Yojana discusses about the different social security schemes in India.
1. Health for All
2. Empowering the Differently Abled
3. Prioritising agriculture to nutrition pathways
4. Nurturing a Healthy Learning Environment
5. Systemic Reforms in MGNREGS
6. NPS-Lite/Swavalamban Scheme and the Atal Pension Yojana
These articles may help the aspirant in writing mains answer.
There are many terms which comes up in news daily and aspirants does not know the important aspects related to it except the literal meaning of that.
Rural development implies both the economic betterment of people as well as greater social transformation. In order to provide the rural people with better prospects for economic development, increased participation of people in the rural development programmes, decentralization of planning, better enforcement of land reforms and greater access to credit are needed.
For rural development government has initiated many initiatives such as Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, Soil Health Card, E-NAM, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY), Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), etc.
Hereby, providing the chapters from Kurukshetra magazine on rural development initiatives such as:
a) Road to Rural Prosperity: Some practical tips
b) Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission : Drive to Economic, Social and Infrastructure Development
c) Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
d) Smart Village: An Initiative for sustainable villages
e) Mission Indradhanush: Progress and Constraints
f) Measures Taken by the Government for Upliftment of Women in Agriculture Sector
Demonetisation is a radical monetary step in which a currency unit is declared as an invalid legal tender. This is usually done whenever there is a change in the national currency of a nation.
On November 8, 2016 Prime Minister announced that Rs 500 and Rs 1000 denomination notes will become invalid and all notes in lower denomination of Rs 100, Rs 50, Rs 20, Rs 10, Rs 5, Rs 2 and Re 1 and all coins will continue to be a valid legal tender.
He also added that new notes of Rs 2,000 and Rs 500 will be introduced. There was also no change effected in any other form of currency exchange like cheque, Demand draft (DD), payments made through credit cards and debit cards.
The motive was unearthing of black money and curbing of terror financing. Another motive of the government in demonetisation was to create a cashless economy.
However, in a country where a large proportion of the population is illiterate and the rural areas have inadequate infrastructure for digital transactions it is not possible to create a totally cashless economy. So, the effort has now been to create a less-cash economy i.e. a system of economy where part of the transactions are in cash and the rest in digital payments.
The impact of demonetization has been analyzed below under different chapters.
a) From a Cash Economy to a Less-Cash Economy
b) Demonetisation - Impacting elections
c) Less Cash Economy: Impact on Black Money
d) Less-Cash Economy: India vis-avis the world
e) Digital Transformation: Boosting Rural Economy
f) Payment Systems in India–Driving “Less Cash Economy”
Animal husbandry in India is a branch of agriculture which deals with animals and their products. It is a source of income for the Indian farmers and helps in earning foreign exchange through export of animal products. Animals like cows, buffaloes, sheep and goat are valued significantly for their products in India.
Realising the potential of Animal Husbandry sector to strengthen our rural economy, the budgetary allocations have witnessed a rise through its various schemes and initiatives like National Livestock Mission, National Dairy Plan, National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development, National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres etc to get improved germplasm, semen selection for cross breeding, cattle breeding technologies to create more sturdy, resilient and productive progeny of cattle to enhance the production of eggs, milk, silk and other animal products.
To understand the different issues related to animal husbandry, we are compiling different articles from Kurukshetra:
a) Sustainable development of indigenous dairy cattle in India
b) Enhancing Milk Productivity & Quality in India
c) Animal Husbandry: Scope and Challenges for Entrepreneurship
d) Poultry Development Industry in Rural India
e) Beekeeping for youths: Perspectives and Opportunities
f) Blue Revolution: The New Horizon of Indian Fisheries
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on animal husbandry which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.
Indian textile industry is the second largest employer after agriculture generating employment to over 45 million Indian people directly and over 60 million people indirectly. It contributes 4 per cent to the country’s GDP.
Tax policies play an important role in the economy through their impact on both efficiency and equity. A good tax system should keep in view issues of income distribution and, at the same time, also endeavour to generate tax revenues to support government expenditure on public services and infrastructure development.
Over the years India has experienced unprecedented rates of economic growth. This growth required reforms in the taxation system to make it simpler and attractive for the foreign as well as domestic investors. In an effort to keep in line with the changes in global economy, Indian taxation system has undergone remarkable reforms during the last decade with rationalization and simplification of tax laws.
To understand the importance of tax reforms and GST, following articles have been selected from the Yojana:
1. Tax Reforms – Past, Present and Future
2. Ushering in a new era of Tax Reforms
3. Black Money menace: Government on war-footing
4. GST: Game changer for Indian economy
5. Goods and Services Tax: the international experience
6. GST: One Nation, One Tax
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Tax Reforms which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.