Indian textile industry is the second largest employer after agriculture generating employment to over 45 million Indian people directly and over 60 million people indirectly. It contributes 4 per cent to the country’s GDP.
Tax policies play an important role in the economy through their impact on both efficiency and equity. A good tax system should keep in view issues of income distribution and, at the same time, also endeavour to generate tax revenues to support government expenditure on public services and infrastructure development.
Over the years India has experienced unprecedented rates of economic growth. This growth required reforms in the taxation system to make it simpler and attractive for the foreign as well as domestic investors. In an effort to keep in line with the changes in global economy, Indian taxation system has undergone remarkable reforms during the last decade with rationalization and simplification of tax laws.
To understand the importance of tax reforms and GST, following articles have been selected from the Yojana:
1. Tax Reforms – Past, Present and Future
2. Ushering in a new era of Tax Reforms
3. Black Money menace: Government on war-footing
4. GST: Game changer for Indian economy
5. Goods and Services Tax: the international experience
6. GST: One Nation, One Tax
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Tax Reforms which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.
Agriculture continues to be the most crucial sector of the Indian economy. Its contribution in terms of providing employment to nearly two third of the work force has been critical in maintaining livelihoods especially in the rural areas. The planned approach to development has helped the country to reach a stage where the country is self sufficient in food grains and has a comfortable buffer stock. These achievements have been possible mainly through the favourable policy framework. However, still agriculture sector faces many issues related to irrigation, groundwater depletion, etc.
The following Articles have been selected from Kurukshetra Magazine related to Agriculture and Allied sector:
a) Far Reaching Reforms In National Agriculture Market
b) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
c) Reaching The Unreached: Direct Benefit Transfer In Agriculture
d) Lab-To-Land Approach In Agricultural Sector
e) Storage Facilities For Perishables critical Gaps And Initiatives
f) Ground Water Concerns & Irrigation Scenario
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on agriculture which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.
Budgeting is the process of estimating the availability of resources and then allocating them to various activities of an organization according to a pre-determined priority.
The Budget reflects and shapes, and is, in turn, shaped by the country's economy. For a better appreciation of the impact of government receipts and expenditure on the other sectors of the economy, it is necessary to group them in terms of economic magnitudes, for example, how much is set aside for capital formation, how much is spent directly by the Government and how much is transferred by Government to other sectors of the economy by way of grants, loans, etc.
The following Articles have been selected from Yojana Magazine related to Budget 2016-17:
1. A shot in the arm for agriculture
2. Infrastructure provisioning: strategic with implementation challenges
3. Robust eco-system to spur growth & massive employment
4. Gender budgeting : provisions
5. Provisions for education sector
6. Health interventions
There are many terms which comes up in news daily and aspirants does not know the important aspects related to it except the literal meaning of that.
Hereby compiling the “Do You Know” series from Yojana on the following topics:
a) Reducing GHG Emissions : The Kyoto Mechanisms
b) Carbon Credits
d) Banking Sector Terms
f) Philips curve and SDR
g) Recapitalization of Banks
h) Shale Gas
i) Disabilities in India
These Articles may prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.
Health’, a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a precondition to the realization of human potential and for attainment of happiness. Thus, health is both a social and an economic good. There is a strong relationship between economic growth and better health – it being a two way relationship.
The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution of India mandate ‘improvement of public health’ as one of the primary duties of the State. The Central and State Governments have been taking proactive steps to promote health of the people by creating a network of public healthcare facilities, which provide free medical services, and also proactively control the spread of diseases.
But there are many flaws in the health care system of India. The policy should focus on provision of Universal Health Care including provision of drugs and diagnostic care to poor and marginalized population, financial risk protection.
To understand the different dimensions of health following articles have been selected from the Yojana:
a) Health Sector in India: Perspective and Way Forward
b) Evolution of National Health Policy in India
c) Health Care in Tribal Areas : Present and the Future
d) Universal Health Coverage and Sustainable Development Goals
e) Adolescent Health : Challenges of a Transitional Stage
f) Lessons from HIV Programme
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Health which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.
Agriculture has been a way of life and continues to be the single most important livelihood of the masses. Agricultural policy focus in India across decades has been on self-sufficiency and self-reliance in foodgrains production. Considerable progress has been made on this front but it is falling short due to the rise in demand.
In the geographical aspect India has the highest advantage of farm area under cultivation, but the yield is neither encouraging nor remunerative to the cultivators.
So the solution lies in increasing productivity of agriculture. Hence to understand the different methods that can improve agricultural productivity in India following articles have been chosen from the Kurukshetra:
a) Technology Innovations to Increase Productivity in Agriculture
b) Efficient Use of Fertilizers can Increase Agricultural Production
c) Increasing Agriculture Productivity in Rainfed Areas
d) Climate Change-Impact on Agriculture
e) Milking It Right : The Problems and Prospects of the Dairy Sector in India
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on the topic which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.