Question #1. Public administration has an ambiguity that defies definition. It can only be understood dynamically and in relation to the changing tasks of the government. Comment.
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Question #1. Public Administration has an ambiguity that defies the definition. It can only be understood dynamically and in relation to the changing tasks of the government. Comment. (Statement of Gladden)
Ans - Traditional definition of public administration considers it as a process of function and does not include the fundamental problems of society. With the inclusion of studies of public policy, it has become essential for scholars to study and understand the subject matters of public policy (making & implementation). It is a fundamental area of study. Therefore, the Public Administration is not only related to the process of function but to the issues of societies also.
By analysing the different definitions of Public Administration We find that there is an absence of uniformity among Scholars. Some scholars define it from a subject matter view when some of them define it as technical knowledge. As a matter of fact, it is not possible to define Public Admin. perfectly as that of physics or science. So, ambiguity is found in the definitions of Public Admin. given by different scholars.
Hence it needs to be understood dynamically and is related to the changing tasks of Govt. as said by Gladden. The function of Govt. are largely the reflection of the aspirations of people which are ever-changing. In the present context, the Pub. Ad. has incorporated multiple approaches like - Public Choice Approach, Pluralism, Elitist approach, Communist Approach etc.
Question #2. The ideas of Wilson may seem to be childish or ordinary but his ideas strengthened the ideological and theoretical base for administrative reforms in the 19th Century of America. Critically examine.
Ans - Woodrow Wilson, noted political scientist, president of America, and Father of Pub. Adm. was influenced by the ideas of Admond Burke, Waltor Beghot, Richard Alley, who are famous political Science Scholars. He proposed the need to separate Public Admin from Political Science, thereby emphasising the essential need for effective implementation in his famous article "The study of Administration" in 1887.
In his article, Wilson proposed the need for administrative studies to attain efficiency, economy and effectiveness in the implementation functions. As well as to develop the economy in administration and theories of execution. He also emphasised the comparative and historical study of administration to understand the difference between democratic and non-democratic Govt. and their functions. He said that without being influenced by the idea of murder, One can learn to Sharp a knife.
Wilson emphasised the scientific study of administrative Science. He said that Pub. Ad. is a detailed and systematic execution of the law. Every particular application of the law is an act of administration. He considered that it is harder to run a constitution than to frame it. So the development of the science of administration is essential.
Wilson's contribution is politics - administration dichotomy. He said that politics is the will of the people and administration is the implementation of that will. But on the other hand the proposed interdependence between the two also. He said politics decides the function of administration; Administration provides essential information and advice for the policy formulation and also implements policies. He said that politicians and administrators are interdependent and happen to be two wheels of the same cart.
Wilson has been criticised that he suffers from dilemma and dichotomy. Dwight Waldo called it a "serious contradiction" in Wilson. He did not suggest anything about how to study public administration. How could it be made a science also has not been suggested.
Apart from all limits his contribution to conceiving public admin. as a separate discipline is very significant, that led to various administrative reforms in America during the 19th Century(Peter self)
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