Recently, the Ministry of Education released the India Rankings 2022 instituted by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF).
NIRF was approved by the Ministry of Education in September 2015.
It is the first-ever effort by the government to rank higher education institutions (HEIs) in the country.
Before NIRF's launch in 2016, HEIs were usually ranked by private entities, especially news magazines.
What has been found?
Next to China and United States, India has the third largest higher education system in the world in terms of size and its diversity and largest in the world in terms of number of educational institutions.
In the Indian system, higher (tertiary) education starts after the 10+2.
Framework of higher education in India is very complex.
It includes various type of institutions like universities, colleges, institutes of national importance, polytechnics etc.
Universities are also of different types like
University Grant Commission (UGC)
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
Council of Architecture (COA)
Central universities which are formed by government of India, by an act of parliament which are responsible for arranging and distributing resources required by university grant commission(UGC)
Deemed universities (aided and unaided)
India has a federal set-up and the Indian constitution places education as a concurrent responsibility of both the centre and state.
While the centre co-ordinates and fixed standards in higher and technical education, school education is the responsibility of state.
How HEIs are ranked?
11 Categories: The 2022 ranking is announced for 11 categories. This includes
9.ARIIA (Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements)
These categories keep on changing and adding as per the requirements.
NRIF framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country.
The methodology assesses broad parameters for ranking various universities and institutions:
Teaching, Learning, and Resources (TLR)
Research and Professional Practice (RP)
Graduation Outcomes (GO)
Outreach and Inclusivity (OI)
Peer Perception (PR)
Highlights of India Rankings 2021:
The total number of institutions participating in NIRF ranking 2022 is 7,254, up from 6,272 participants last year.
Overall: IIT-Madras, IISc-Bangalore, and IIT-Bombay have emerged as the country’s top three higher education institutions
University: IISc, Bengaluru tops the category.
Research Institution:IISc, Bengaluru was ranked the best research institution, a category included for the first time in India Rankings 2021.
Colleges: Miranda College retains 1st position amongst colleges, followed by Hindu College, Delhi; Presidency College, Chennai.
Engineering: Among engineering institutions, IIT-Madras remained number one.
Management: Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad was ranked one.
Challenges of Higher Education System
Suggestions for Improving the System
Gap between the Supply and demand
Lack of Quality Research work
Shortage of Faculty and High Student-Faculty Ratio
Inadequate Infrastructure and Facilities
need to implement innovative and transformational approach form primary to higher education level
·need to improve quality, reputation and establish credibility
Government must promote collaboration between Indian higher education institutes and top International institutes
Have these rankings gone international?
No, not yet. NIRF is in its seventh year, but it continues to only rank Indian HEIs.
Benefits of NIRF Ranking for an Institution:
Improves student enrolment
Clarity on standard of institution
NIRF provides clarity about the standard of course delivered and the standard of education an institution provides