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DEPLETING WATER RESOURCES IN INDIA

  • Category
    Environment
  • Published
    4th Nov, 2018
  • National Mission for clean Ganga (NMCG) recently organized policy dialogue- “Urban Café: River for habitat” in coordination with UN Habitat
  • The main aim of this event was to highlight the importance of water and related issues in modern world on World Cities Day.

Issue

Context:

  • National Mission for clean Ganga (NMCG) recently organized policy dialogue- “Urban Café: River for habitat” in coordination with UN Habitat
  • The main aim of this event was to highlight the importance of water and related issues in modern world on World Cities Day.

About:

  • Importance of Rivers: River water acts as remedy for both as on the one hand it adds water to water table while on the other hand it dilute the toxicity in existing water bodies connected to it by adding fresh water. Recent designation of Whanganui river by New Zealand and of the Ganga by Uttarakhand High court as living entity clearly signifies importance of rivers. Our ancestors also designated rivers such as the Nile, the Volga, the Ganga, as “Mother”

    UN Habitat:

    • UN-Habitat is the United Nations programme working towards a better urban future. Its mission is to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all.

    NMCG:

    • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA), 1986.
    • The Act envisages five tier structures at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga and to ensure continuous adequate flow of water so as to rejuvenate the river Ganga.
  • Challenges: India is facing dual challenge regarding water resources
      1. Replenishing ground water resources coupled with deteriorating water quality.
      2. Growing population and ever increasing demand of fresh and potable water.
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