Polity & Governance
14th Jul, 2023
Odisha Cabinet gave nod to Inclusion of the Kui Language in 8th Schedule of Constitution.
- The Inclusion of kui language is going to benefit the Kandha tribe in the State.
About Kui Language:
- Kui (also known as Kandh, Khondi, Khond, Khondo), is a South-Eastern Dravidian language spoken by the Kandha community.
- It is primarily spoken in the state of Odisha.
- It is closely related to other languages in the Dravidian family, such as Gondi and Kuvi. It was also referred to as the Kuinga language during the historical period.
- With 941,988 registered native speakers, it figures at rank 29 in the 1991 Indian census.
- Script: Kui is traditionally written using the Odia script, which is also used for writing the Odia language.
Parliament can amend the provision on the official language of India under the Constitution by a simple majority of its members. However, there is no such procedure of inclusion of a language under 8th schedule in the Constitution.
Provisions under Eighth Schedule:
- The Constitutional provisions relating to the Eighth Schedule occur in Article 344(1) and 351 of the Constitution.
- Article 344(1) provides for the constitution to make recommendations to the President for the progressive use of Hindi for official purposes of the Union.
- Article 351 of the Constitution provides that it shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language to develop it so that it may serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India and to secure its enrichment by assimilating without interfering with its genius, the forms, style and expressions used in Hindustani and in the other languages of India specified in the Eighth Schedule.
- The eighth scheduleincludes the recognition of the following 22 languages:
- Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri are the 22 languages presently in the eighth schedule to the Constitution.
- Of these languages, 14 were initially included in the Constitution.
- Subsequently, Sindhi was added in 1967; Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added in 1992; and Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santali were added by the92nd Amendment Act of 2003.
Demands from other States:
- At present, there are demands for inclusion of 38 more languages in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.
- Some of them are: Angika, Banjara, Bhojpuri, Chhattisgarhi, Kok Barak, Tulu etc.