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Nilgiri Tahr’

Published: 14th Sep, 2019

The population of Nilgiri Tahr in the Mukurthi National Park has risen from 568 in 2018 to 612 this year.


  • This is the second consecutive year that an increase in the population of the animal had been recorded in the park.
  • The almost 8% increase in the population of the iconic animal in 2019 follows a similarly significant increase in its population in 2018.


Nilgiri tahr

  • Nilgiri tahrs are stocky goats with short, coarse fur and a bristly mane.
  • Males are larger than the females, and have a darker colour when mature. Both sexes have curved horns, which are larger in the males, reaching up to 40 cm for males and 30 cm for females.
  • Adult males develop a light grey area or “saddle” on their backs and are hence called “saddlebacks”
  • IUCN status - Endangered

Conservation Issues


  • The Nilgiri tahr symbolizes the conflicts inherent in conservation of threatened fauna and their habitat.
  • Their number totals around 2200-2500 individuals in the wild.
  • Nilgiri tahrs exist only in small, isolated populations due to extreme habitat fragmentation and illegal hunting. They are, as a result, vulnerable to local extinction.
  • The reasons for the decline of tahr populations have not been fully understood.
  • The species has always been under severe stress on account of the construction of numerous hydroelectric projects, timber felling and monoculture plantation of eucalyptus and wattles.
  • All these development activities, especially the plantation activities affect the heart of the tahr habitat, which are the grasslands – sholas.


  • It is located on the high altitudes of the Nilgiris, comprising rolling downs interspersed with temperate sholas in depressions.
  • The landscape is extremely pictruesque and a seat of endemism in its relationship with Himalayan flora and fauna. This forms part of the Nilgiris biosphere reserve.
  • Forest Type - Primarily grassland, characteristically interspersed with numerous isolated, compact, sharply defined montane wet temperate mixed forests locally termed ‘Sholas’, with beautiful brooks.

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