Parakram Diwas 2023
Polity & Governance
28th Jan, 2023
The Parakram Diwas is celebrated on January 23, to commemorate the birth anniversary of freedom fighter Subhash Chandra Bose.
- This year marks the 126th birth anniversary of Bose, fondly known as ‘Netaji’.
- To mark the occasion, 21 unnamed islands of Andaman and Nicobar will be named after Param Veer Chakra awardees.
- A model of the National Memorial dedicated to Netaji which will be built on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep will also be unveiled.
Who was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose?
- Born in 1897 in Cuttack, Bose was an Indian nationalist in the era of British colonialism.
- After completing his education in India, Bose left for London to prepare for the Indian Civil Services exam and cleared it.
Role in India’s freedom struggle:
- In 1938, he became the president of the Indian National Congress. But resigned a year later despite defeating his rival in re-election.
- On October 21, 1943, Bose formed ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ and later started Azad Hind radio station in Germany
He went missing on August 18, 1945, after a plane crash in Taiwan.