World Zoonosis Day
Science & Technology
16th Jul, 2022
World Zoonosis Day is observed annually on July 6 to commemorate the first immunisation against a zoonotic illness.
- Indian Immunologicals Limited (IIL) organised a nationwide free vaccination camp against zoonotic diseases on account of World Zoonosis Day 2022.
What is Zoonosis?
- Zoonotic diseases originate in animals and can spread to humans.
- Infections occur through bites or contact with the infected animal’s bodily fluids.
- Virus, bacteria, fungi, prions or parasites cause zoonosis.
- Rabies, Ebola, certain strains of Swine flu, leptospirosis, brucellosis, anthrax, Zika and Ebola viruses, rickettsioses, plague, chikungunya, dengue and Japanese encephalitis, are the most notorious zoonotic diseases.
Origin of World Zoonosis Day
- World Zoonosis Day was instituted on 6 July 1885 to educate and raise awareness about zoonotic diseases that can transmit from animals to humans.
- It commemorates French biologist Louis Pasteur, who administered the first dose of the first vaccine against rabies.
India, a potential hotspot for zoonotic diseases:
- A recent report from the State of the World’s Forests 2022 predicts India as a potential hotspot for zoonotic viral diseases.
- Zoonotic diseases such as rabies have imperilled human health since antiquity.
- Dogs are the source of most human rabies deaths, contributing up to 99% of all rabies transmissions to humans, and every year it causes 18,000 to 20,000 deaths.