The World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH) has approved India's self-declaration of freedom from bird flu in specific poultry compartments in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
About the Organisation:
WOAH is an intergovernmental organisation responsible for improving animal health worldwide.
It was established in 1924 in Paris as Office international des epizooties and currently has 182 member countries.
All EU Member States are members of WOAH.
WOAH is recognised as a reference organisation by the World Trade Organization (WTO) for international standards relating to animal health and zoonoses.
The WTO Agreement on the application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) considers that WTO members applying WOAH Standards meet their obligations under this Agreement.
India is one of the member countries.
OIE develops normative documents relating to rules that Member Countries can use to protect themselves from the introduction of diseases and pathogens. One of them is the Terrestrial Animal Health Code.
Science and Technology (GS-III)
David’s Sling Air-Defense System
Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems has built a technology called the Iron Beam, which is a laser weapon system designed to defend the country from incoming missiles.
About the system:
David’s Sling is an Israeli air and missile defense system designed to defeat short-range ballistic missiles, large-caliber rockets, and cruise missiles.
Co-developed with the United States, David’s Sling occupies a middle tier in its missile defense architecture, between the point-defense Iron Domeand upper-tier Arrow
The David’s Sling Weapon System (DSWS) incorporates a vertical missile firing unit, an ELM-2084 fire control radar, a battle management/operator station, and the Stunner interceptor.
The middle tier in Israel’s missile defenses, DSWS is designed to intercept ballistic and cruise missiles at ranges of 40 to 300 km.