A public interest litigation before the Supreme Court seeks changes in two decades-old laws that restrict the sale of tribal land to non-tribal.
Existing Acts in India
Chhota-Nagpur Tennacy Act
Issues with the Act
Part X of the Constitution contains special provisions relating to administration of Scheduled Areas and tribal areas.
Article 244 (1) of the Constitution:
The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006:
The acts were constituted in good faith and to protect the rights of the tribal peoples; however, urbanization has forced them to change their way of life to a certain extent. They are unable to unlock the potential of the land, and are being exploited by powerful elements—both within their community and outside of it. It might therefore be time to understand ground realities in greater detail, review existing provisions, and introduce amended laws that serve the interests of urban tribal peoples.
Q1) Discuss the important provisions of the Chota Nagpur Tenancy (CNT) Act? Do you think this act was able to prevent tribals land rights? Give suitable examples.
Q2) Examine the relevance of the features of the Santhal Parganas Tenancy (Supplementary provisions) Act in preventing the local tribes from reclaiming their land.
Verifying, please be patient.