IAS Prelims 2019: All India Mock Test (OMR Based)
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Foundation 2019

By Rohit Lodha

(Classroom & Live/Online Classes)

Program Highlights

  • 5 months Comprehensive Classroom Programme which covers:
    • Complete UPSC Syllabus of Geography
    • Coverage of the syllabus with the new approach as per the changed pattern of UPSC questions
    • Coverage of new concepts, theories and writings on Geography
    • Test Series including 10 Tests (6 Sectional & 4 Mock).
    • Crisp and relevant material with focus on current trend.
    • Discussion of previous year UPSC question papers & most importants areas for mains 2019.
    • Extensive coverage of mapping with current location
    • Extensive answer writing practice in the class itself

Batches & Fees

  • Batch Start: 28th September, 2018
  • Mode: Classroom & Online
  • Timing: 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM
  • Fees:-
  • Classroom: 40,000 (+GST) Enroll
  • Online: 35,000 (+GST) Enroll
Call: 9873757514, 9873870114 OR QUICK ENQUIRY Download Brochure
Geography as an Optional: Beginners to Experts by Rohit Lodha
How to Score 300+ Marks in Geography Optional, Session by Rohit Lodha
Bodke Digvijay Govind , Rank: 54, CSE 2017

Syllabus Covered

Part -I

Principles of Geography,Physical Geography
  • Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth's crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth's interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development ; Applied Geomorphology : Geohydrology, economic geology and environment.
  • Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronto genesis, Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen's, Thornthwaite's and Trewartha's classification of world climates; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes, Applied climatology and Urban climate.
  • Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources; Coral reefs, coral bleaching; sea level changes; law of the sea and marine pollution.
  • Biogeography: Genesis of Soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and conservation measures; Social forestry; agro-forestry; Wild life; Major gene pool centres.
  • Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology; Human ecological adaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management and conservation; Environmental degradation, management and conservation; Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmental hazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation.
Human Geography
  • Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation; regional synthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution and locational analysis; radical, behavioural, human and welfare approaches; Languages, religions and secularization; Cultural regions of the world; Human development index.
  • Economic Geography: World economic development: measurement and problems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits to growth; World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions; agricultural inputs and productivity; Food and nutrition problems; Food security; famine: causes, effects and remedies; World industries: locational patterns and problems; patterns of world trade.
  • Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. Types and patterns of rural settlements; Environmental issues in rural settlements; Hierarchy of urban settlements; Urban morphology: Concepts of primate city and rank-size rule; Functional classification of towns; Sphere of urban influence; Rural - urban fringe; Satellite towns; Problems and remedies of urbanization; Sustainable development of cities.
  • Regional Planning: Concept of a region; Types of regions and methods of regionalization; Growth centres and growth poles; Regional imbalances; regional development strategies; environmental issues in regional planning; Planning for sustainable development.
  • Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography: Systems analysis in Human geography; Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models; Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch;Perroux and Boudeville; Von Thunen's model of agricultural location; Weber's model of industrial location; Rostov's model of stages of growth.

Part -II

Geography of India
  • Physical Setting:Space relationship of India with neighboring countries; Structure and relief; Drainage system and watersheds; Physiographic regions; Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns, Tropical cyclones and western disturbances; Floods and droughts; Climatic regions; Natural vegetation; Soil types and their distributions.
  • Resources:Land, surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources; Forest and wild life resources and their conservation; Energy crisis.
  • Agriculture:Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power; Institutional factors: land holdings, land tenure and land reforms; Cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability; Agro and social-forestry; Green revolution and its socio- economic and ecological implications; Significance of dry farming; Livestock resources and white revolution; aqua - culture; sericulture, apiculture and poultry; agricultural regionalization; agro-climatic zones; agro-ecological regions.
  • Industry: Evolution of industries: Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage and agro-based industries; Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings; Industrial regionalization; New industrial policies; Multinationals and liberalization; Special Economic Zones; Tourism including eco - tourism.
  • Transport, Communication and Trade:Road, railway, waterway, airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development; Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade; Trade balance; Trade Policy; Export processing zones; Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society; Indian space programme.
  • Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society:Racial, linguistic and ethnic diversities; religious minorities; major tribes, tribal areas and their problems; cultural regions; Growth, distribution and density of population; Demographic attributes: sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force, dependency ratio, longevity; migration (inter-regional, intra- regional and international) and associated problems; Population problems and policies; Health indicators.
  • Settlements:Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements; Urban developments; Morphology of Indian cities; Functional classification of Indian cities; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; urban sprawl; Slums and associated problems; town planning; Problems of urbanization and remedies.
  • Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India; Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes; Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning; Command area development; Watershed management; Planning for backward area, desert, drought prone, hill, tribal area development; multi-level planning; Regional planning and development of island territories.
  •  Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides, earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics; Issues relating to environmental pollution; Changes in patterns of land use; Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management; Population explosion and food security; Environmental degradation; Deforestation, desertification and soil erosion; Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest; Regional disparities in economic development; Concept of sustainable growth and development; Environmental awareness; Linkage of rivers; Globalization and Indian economy.Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism; State reorganization; Emergence of new states; Regional consciousness and inter state issues; international boundary of India and related issues; Cross border terrorism; India's role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm.


For Seat Booking : Registration is open for all batches till seat available.

Registration Fee Rs. 15,000/-

Note : Registration Fees is part of the course fee and will be adjusted in total course fee at the time of admission.
* Registration Fee is not refundable.


Why to join Optional Classes?

Contrary to the popular belief of declining significance of optional, a close analysis reveals that optional plays a deciding role in final selection. In present scenario where most of the above average student manage to score around 350+ in GS papers, taking significant lead in optional can decide one’s rank. By taking optional classes one can improve their chances of scoring high marks with little efforts.

Overall trend in Geography Optional

Overall trend in Geography Optional

Geographical study can be divided into two parts:

  • The topics which are static & with limited scope
  • The topics which are applied & even UPSC did not define their scope.

Before 2008, most of the questions in UPSC were asked from the first part, making it easier for the student to tackle the questions.

Now after 2008, there has been a tectonic shift in the pattern of questions asked by UPSC, where more & more focus has been given to the second part, thus the difficulty level has increased substantially.

Why to join GS Score for Geography Optional?

Here in GS Score, rather than just focusing on easy & convenient topics, we try to align geography optional study with the current trend of UPSC.

Keeping in mind the changing nature of examination, special focus will be given to the topics which are seemingly not covered in traditional books & class notes but are important from UPSC point of view.

Diagram are the soul of geography optional without which scoring good marks is not possible. Thus along with conceptual clarity extensive focus will be given to diagram practice. Separate booklets for diagram will also be provided.

Along with the regular class test, student will also be allowed to appear for our Geography optional test series programme.

Why Geography Optional

  • Scientific Humanistic Subject Easy For Doctor's, Engineer & Arts Background Students
  • Ample Scope For Fetching marks Throught Logical & Diagramatic Representation
  • Quality study Material is Easily Available
  • It Covers 75% Syllabus of GS 1 & around 40% Syllabus of GS3
  • At Least One Topic in Essay Paper is From Geography
  • Overall It Cuts Down the Time Required to Complete GS Syllabus
  • Most Preferred Optional in UPSC Examination

Procedure for Online Classes

  • Students will be given user ID & password to access the live online classes on our website.
  • Account for live online classes will be activated within one working day of enrollment.
  • Classes will be conducted live as per the class schedule at our Delhi Centre.
  • In case you miss live class at the scheduled time, recorded video of the class will be available in your account just after the class is over.
  • Whole course can be accessed twice and will be active in your account till your Mains Exam.
  • Study material will be dispatched by courier within a week of enrollment.
  • For test series, tests will be uploaded in PDF format in your account. To write the test you have to download the PDF and after writing the test send us scan copy at testseries@iasscore.in for evaluation and evaluated test copy will be sent back to the students by email within 15 days after receiving the answer sheet.

Payment Options

Accepted Cards
Deposit in Account
  • Bank Name: Kotak Mahindra Bank
  • A/c No.: 2411979708
  • A/c Type: Current Account
  • IFSC Code: KKBK0000179
Online Transfer
  • Bank Name: Kotak Mahindra Bank
  • A/c No.: 2411979708
  • A/c Type: Current Account
  • IFSC Code: KKBK0000179
Cheque/Demand Draft
  • Payable At: Delhi
  • Post At:
    • GS SCORE
    • Office No. 06, First Floor, Apsra Arcade, Pusa Road, 1/8, Karol Bagh, Near Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No.5, New Delhi, 110005
    Cash Deposit at Centre
    • GS SCORE
    • Office No. 06, First Floor, Apsra Arcade, Pusa Road, 1/8, Karol Bagh, Near Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No.5, New Delhi, 110005