The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has launched a health programme for adolescents, in the age group of 10-19 years, which would target their nutrition, reproductive health and substance abuse, among other issues.

It is a comprehensive programme focusing on Sexual Reproductive Health, Nutrition, Injuries and violence (including gender based violence), Non-Communicable Diseases, Mental Health and Substance Misuse with a promotive and preventive approach.

The interventions are carried out using health facilities, community and schools as platforms-

Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics (AFHCs): These act as the first level of contact of primary health care services with adolescents.
Weekly Iron Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) Programme: It entails provision of weekly supervised IFA tablets to in-school boys and girls and out-of-school girls and biannual albendazole tablets, besides Nutrition & Health Education.
Menstrual Hygiene Scheme: The scheme is being implemented for adolescent girls in the rural areas. From 2014 procurement of sanitary napkins has been decentralized. Eight states are implementing the scheme through State funds.
Peer Education Programme: Under the programme four peer educators (Saathiya) - two male and two female are selected per 1000 population to orient the adolescents on health issues.

Practice question:

1) Which of the following is/are the objective of Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram?

1. Improve Nutrition
2. Improve Sexual and Reproductive Health
3. Enhance Mental Health
4. Prevent substance misuse


a) 1 and 2

b) 1 and 3

c) 1, 3 and 4

d) All

Ans: d