National Hydrology Project
The Project is to improve reliability and accuracy of Hydrology and Ground Water data throughout India and to improve access to this information.
The mission is to establish an effective and sound hydrological database and Hydrological Information System (HIS), together with the development of consistent and scientifically-based tools and design aids to assist in the effective water resources planning and management within each of the implementing agencies based on sound scientifically driven hydro-geological information and models.
The National Hydrology Project (NHP) is intended for setting up of a system for timely and reliable water resources data acquisition, storage, collation and management.
The NHP will help in gathering Hydro-meteorological data which will be stored and analyzed on a real time basis and can be seamlessly accessed by any user at the State/District/village level. The project envisages to cover the entire country as the earlier hydrology projects covered only 13 States.
It will also provide tools/systems for informed decision making through Decision Support Systems (DSS) for water resources assessment, flood management, reservoir operations, drought management, etc.
NHP also seeks to build capacity of the State and Central sector organisations in water resources management through the use of Information Systems and adoption of State of the art technologies like Remote Sensing.
The MoWR, RD&GR has adopted a paradigm shift in the management of water resources of the country by adopting a river basin approach, In order to efficiently use and manage water resources of the country~ adequacy of data, resource assessment, decision support systems, etc. are a prerequisite for allocation and prioritization of this fast depleting resource.
The Components of the Proposal are:
• In Situ Hydromet Monitoring System and Hydromet Data Acquisition System.
• Setting up of National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC).
• Water Resources Operation and Management System
• Water Resources Institutions and Capacity Building
The NHP will Result in the Improvement of:
• Data storage, exchange, analysis and dissemination through National
Water Informatics Centre.
• Lead time in flood forecast from 1 day to at least 3 days
• Mapping of flood inundation areas for use by the disaster management authorities
• Assessment of surface and ground water resources in a river basin for better planning & allocation for PMKSY and other schemes of Govt. of India
• Reservoir operations through seasonal yield forecast, drought management, SCADA systems, etc.
• Design of SW & GW structures, hydropower units, interlinking of rivers, Smart Cities.
• Fulfilling the objectives of Digital India.
• People Centric approach: The programme envisages ultimate aim for water management through scientific data collection, dissemination of information on water availability in all blocks of the country and establishing of National Water Information Centre. The automated systems for Flood Forecasting is aimed to reduce water disaster, ultimately helping vulnerable population.
• It is people and farmer centric programme as information on water can help in predicting water availability and help farmers to plan their crops and other farm related activities.
Through this programme India would make a place among nations known for scientific endeavours.