The objective of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 aims at building sustainable livelihoods for the rural households. In pursuance of this objective, a Project for Livelihoods in Full Employment under MGNREGA (Project LIFE- MGNREGA) has been formulated.
The project aims at promoting self-reliance and improving the skill-base of the MGNREGA workers, and thereby improving livelihoods of MGNREGA workers, so that they can move from the current partial employment to full employment status and thereby reduce their dependence on MGNREGS.
This project will be implemented as per the following strategy:
a) Skill Development
Skilling intervention through DDU-GKY shall be taken up under Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) for youth from rural households whose members have completed at least 15 days of work under MGNREGA in the previous Financial Year.
Under the scheme, workers are afforded skilling opportunities under three heads-
• Under skilling for wages category, skills are imparted under a total of 41 trades including Agri-related, Healthcare, Automotive, Banking etc.
• Secondly, workers are given an option to develop skills of entrepreneurship and the category consists of total five trades including Agri-related EDPs – Dairy, Fisheries, Sericulture, etc, Process related, Product related and General EDPs such as Specialised Training for Disabled Persons, etc.
• The third category with 11 trades, extends skill upgradation opportunity and includes Backyard poultry, Integrated Land Development under MGNREGA, Sustainable Agriculture practices, improving soil fertility, pest management, Vermi-composting, etc.
The following guidelines shall apply in such cases:
i. In order to be eligible under DDU-GKY a candidate should be in the age group of 15 to 35 years.
ii. In case of women, Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups, Persons with Disabilities, Transgender, and other special groups the age limit for candidates shall be 45 years.
iii. The SRLM / State Nodal Skills Mission shall access NREGA Soft MIS and prepare a list of rural households whose members have completed at least 15 days of work under MGNREGA in previous Financial Year in the all Gram Panchayats identified for saturation and allocated to the PIAs. The Commissioner (MGNREGA) in the State Governments will facilitate SRLMs/ State Nodal Skills Mission to gain access to the data.
iv. While allocating the Gram Panchayats to PIAs as per SOP, the SRLM/State Nodal Skills Mission shall share the list of eligible candidates from rural households whose members have completed at least 15 days of work under MGNREGA in previous Financial Year in such Gram Panchayats allocated to each PIA.
b) It also covers formation of production groups with target households for taking up joint economic activities including agricultural operations, construction works and other production activities. The required capacity building/training for forming the groups and training them can be funded from the Capacity building funds under MGNREGA. The equipment/machinery required for these groups should be tied up from the Banks/Agricultural/small industry/or such other departments.
1) Which of the following is/are the direct benefits of implementation of social audit in MGNREGA?
1. It informs and educates people about their rights and entitlements.
2. It provides a collective platform for people to ask queries, express their needs and grievances.
3. It promotes people's participation in all stages of implementation of programmes.
4. It improve Human Development Index.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a) 1, 2 and 3
b) 2, 3 and 4
c) 1 and 3
Exp: Benefits of Social Audit
• It informs and educates people about their rights and entitlements.
• It provides a collective platform for people to ask queries, express their needs and grievances.
• It promotes people's participation in all stages of implementation of programmes.
• It brings about transparency and accountability in government schemes.
• It strengthens decentralised governance.