The Swachh Bharat Mission was launched throughout the length and breadth of the country as a national movement. There are two components of the Mission, namely, Swachh Bharat Mission- Gramin for India’s rural centres and Swachh Bharat Mission- Urban for India’s urban centres.
Swachh Bharat Mission in urban areas is focused on building Open Defecation Free towns (via construction of Individual Household Toilets, Community and Public Toilets) and 100% scientific management of Solid Waste.
In order to foster a healthy competition between cities, the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) started the “Swachh Survekshan” survey in 2016 which rated 73 cities across the country.
Following the same, the MoUD has issued guidelines for “Swachh Survekshan” 2017 which will conduct a survey to rank 500 cities (having a population of 1 lakh and above). The components covered in this survey are:
• Solid Waste Management (SWM) including road sweeping, municipal solid waste from residential, commercial areas and from construction & demolition waste.
• Individual, community and public toilets
• Open defecation free city/town strategy
• Information, education and behaviour change communication (IEBC) strategy, and ICT based system to enhance Urban Local Body (ULB) operations.
The objective of the survey is to encourage large scale citizen participation and create awareness amongst all sections of society about the importance of working together towards making towns and cities a better place to live in. Additionally, the survey also intends to foster a spirit of healthy competition among towns and cities to improve their service delivery to citizens, towards creating cleaner cities.