Reading Room

AYUSH: Benefits and Challenges

AYUSH is the acronym of the medical systems that are being practiced in India such as Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy.

Agriculture Land Leasing

Land distribution was quite skewed in favor of influential people during the British rule and therefore, land leasing was very common during that period.

White paper on data protection framework

Government-appointed Justice B.N. Srikrishna committee released a white paper to prepare a data protection framework.

Ordinance making power and role of judiciary

Article 123 of the Constitution grants the President certain law making powers to promulgate Ordinances when either of the two Houses of Parliament is not in session and hence it is not possible to enact laws in the Parliament.

Newborn child trafficking racket in India

Human trafficking is often referred to as the modern day equivalent of slavery. Both slavery and human trafficking are moral wrongs.


One of the characteristics of China’s ‘peaceful rise’ has been its endeavour to control environment, demonstrated mainly by its dam-building policy.


The term ‘Under-trial’ denotes an unconvicted prisoner i.e. one who has been detained in prison during the period of investigation.


In 2013, China and Pakistan announced plans to construct an economic corridor to connect Uygur Autonomous Region with the southwestern Pakistani port of Gwadar.

Drugs Menace in India

Drug abuse is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others.

India’s Africa Policy

India has had centuries-old connections with Africa with brisk travel and trade across the Indian Ocean, colonial linkages and ties forged in the post-colonial days of South-South cooperation and Third World solidarity.

Delegated legislation

 WHAT IS DELEGATED LEGISLATION? Delegated legislation (also referred to as secondary legislation or subordinate legislation) is law made by an executive authority under powers given to them by pri


What is an FIR? First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is a report of information

FAQ on Teacher’s day

Why is it celebrated? Teacher's Day is celebrated on the 5th of September in India since 1962 to celebrate the birthday of former president Professor Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. About Sarvepalli R

Ahmedabad: World Heritage City

Context: Ahmedabad has became the first Indian city to earn the World Heritage City tag from UNESCO, beating New Delhi and Mumbai for the title in the process. About Ahmedabad: The city wa


   Introduction Ministry of Skill Development has constituted Sharada Prasad Committee to Review the Functioning of Sector Skill Councils. Objective: In order to ensure convergen


UBI is based on the idea that everybody should be given a basic minimum income as an entitlement and not as compensation for work, which shall be directly cash transferred to the eligible beneficiarie


Introduction • The issue of farmers suicides is a burning one- one that has forced the central and state governments to offer relief packages for the affected. The Radhakrishna Committee was consti


Context On June 06, 2017 the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) completed 20 years of its establishment. Comprising of Bangladesh, India, Mya


Overview of NIRF • MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development) has released Ranking System Framework for Higher Educational Institutions of India. This is the first time that a reliable, transpar


Meaning of desertification What is it not? Desertification is not the natural expansion of existing deserts. What is it not? Instead it is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid, and dry

Quantum computing

Quantum computing is computing using quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement.

Members of Parliament Local area Development Scheme

The Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) was launched on 23rd December, 1993. Initially, Ministry of Rural Development was the Nodal Ministry for this scheme.

Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail

The Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail is a method that provides feedback to voters. It is an independent verification printer machine and is attached to electronic voting machines. It allows voters to verify if their vote has gone to the intended candidate.

Comprehensive Social Security System

India's total workforce stands at around 500 million. A little over 10% of this is in the organised sector, where workers enjoy social security of some sort under EPFO and ESIC

Public Distribution System in India

India's Public Distribution System (PDS) is the largest distribution network. TPDS aims to provide subsidised food and fuel to the poor through a network of ration shops.

About Solar City

The Solar City aims at minimum 10% reduction in projected demand of conventional energy at the end of five years, through a combination of enhancing supply from renewable energy sources in the city and energy efficiency measures. The basic aim is to motivate the local Governments for adopting renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency measures.


The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has launched a health programme for adolescents, in the age group of 10-19 years, which would target their nutrition, reproductive health and substance abuse, among other issues.

UN emission Gap Report, 2017

The goal of the Paris Agreement on climate change, as agreed at the Conference of the Parties in 2015, is to keep global temperature rise this century to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

Operation Greens

Operation Greens aims to promote farmer producers organisations, agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management.

National Health Policy 2017

The primary aim of the National Health Policy, 2017, is to inform, clarify, strengthen and prioritize the role of the Government.

Captive breeding

Captive breeding is the process of breeding animals outside of their natural environment in restricted conditions in farms, zoos or other closed facilities.

Saraswati River

The Sarasvati River is one of the main Rigvedic rivers mentioned in the scripture Rig Veda and later Vedic and post-Vedic texts.

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