How real is the crisis? Download PDF

  • About 75% of Indian households do not have drinking water at their premise. As a result, 200,000 people die every year due to inadequate access to safe drinking water, 84% of rural households do not have piped water access and that 70% of our water is contaminated.
  • India is currently ranked 120 among 122 countries in the water quality index.
  • By 2030, demand will be double of the current supply and 40% of the population will not have access to drinking water.
  • As per NITI Aayog’s Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)report, a persistent water crisis will lead to an eventual 6% loss in the country’s GDP by
  • While more than 90% of the urban population has access to basic water, by 2020, 21 major cities are expected to run out of groundwater affecting 100 million people, including all the metro cities.
  • 67% of Indian households do not treat their drinking water, even though it could be chemically or bacterially contaminated
  • Two recent studies—“Capturing Synergies Between Water Conservation and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the Power Sector”and “A Clash of Competing Necessities” point out that India, along with China, France and the US, will have be no drinking water by 2040 if consumption of water continues at the current pace.
  • A recent UN report on water conservation reports that due to its unique geographical position, India will face the brunt of the crisis by 2025 and would be at the centre of this global conflict.


    Data from the World Bank also highlights India’s plight:

    • 163 Million Indians lack access to safe drinking water
    • 21% of communicable diseases are linked to unsafe water
    • 500 children under the age of five die from Diarrhoea each day in India

    Let us now analyse the sources of drinking water in India and the reasons for shortage of drinking water

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