Future Resources: Population and natural environment Download PDF

  • In the present time, environmental degradation has emerged as a major global problem. Man has made rapid developments in agriculture, industries, transportation and others area with the help of his technological and scientific skills. But in this process, man disturbing all the functioning of natural environment.
  • The world commission on environment and development opines that “the future is to face ever increasing environmental decay ,poverty, hardship and even more polluted world”
  • Earth will become crowded .more polluted, ecologically more disturbed, and more vulnerable than the world we live in present. Environmental degradation emerged as a most serious issue of concern not only in the developing world also in the developed countries.
  • Rapid population growth and economic development leads overexploitation of natural resources such as land, water, air etc. uncontrolled growth of urbanization and industrialization, expansion of agricultural land puts pressure on natural environmental resources like forest which caused the destruction of natural habitats of wild life animals. India is the second most populous country in the world having over 1.271 billion populations (17.5%) of world’s total population but has no more than 2.4% of global land.
  • The pressure of over population is much higher in the greater plain of India having 33% of the total population of India. The above mention fact indicates that in the northern plain main cause of environmental degradation is rapid growth of population that puts severe pressure on natural resources.
  • On the other side’s comparatively low population growth and high economic development caused environmental degradation in the southern and western regions of India. The north eastern part of the country having low population is rich in natural resources (highly forested) because these regions are underdeveloped and very little movements of man.

Internet of Things Role in the Renewable Energy Resources

  • The concept of Smart Cities is becoming a reality as it evolves from conceptual models to developmental stages.
  • Resilient, reliable, efficient and seamless energy and electrical power flow are essential parts to energize and power the services of smart cities such as smart hospitals, smart buildings, smart factories, smart traffic and transportations.
  • All of these smart services are expected to run without interruptions by the use of smart energy and electrical power grids which are considered among the most important pillars for such cities.
  • To keep the services of smart cities interconnected and in sync, the Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing are key in such transfers.

The Future of Big Data

  • The term "big data" began appearing in dictionaries during the past decade, but the concept itself has been around since at least WWII.
  • More recently, wireless connectivity, internet 2.0, and other technologies have made the management and analysis of massive data sets a reality for all of us.
  • Big data refers to data sets that are too large and complex for traditional data processing and data management applications.
  • Big data became more popular with the advent of mobile technology and the Internet of Things, because people were producing more and more data with their devices. Consider the data generated by geolocation services, web browser histories, social media activity, or even fitness apps.
  • Consumers live in a digital world of instant expectation. From digital sales transactions to marketing feedback and refinement, everything in today’s cloud-based business world moves fast.
  • All these rapid transactions produce and compile data at an equally speedy rate. Putting this information to good use in real-time often means the difference between capitalizing on information for a 360 view of the target audience, and losing customers to competitors who do.

The five Vs of big data

  • Volume - Develop a plan for the amount of data that will be in play, and how and where it will be housed.
  • Variety - Identify all the different sources of data in play in an ecosystem and acquire the right tools for ingesting it.
  • Velocity - Again, speed is critical in modern business. Research and deploy the right technologies to ensure the big data picture is being developed in as close to real-time as possible.
  • Veracity - Garbage in, garbage out, so make sure the data is accurate and clean.
  • Value - Not all gathered environmental information is of equal importance, so build a big data environment that surfaces actionable business intelligence in easy to understand ways.

Conclusion

  • Developing renewable energy can help India increase its energy security, reduce adverse impacts on the  local  environment,  lower  its  carbon  intensity,  contribute to  a more  balanced regional development,  and realize  its  aspirations  for leadership in  high-technology  According to a report, India is the third most favoured destination globally, for investments in the renewable energy sector.
  • The report also says that the country will be a major source of new entrants into the sector, after the US and China. The Indian renewable energy market has become increasingly dynamic  in  recent  years  as  a  result  of  strong  natural  resources,  greater accommodation to international investments and a variety of government incentives. Solar and wind energy will be the major areas to witness overseas investments and acquisitions in the near future.
  • With all  the  attractive  characteristics  and  potential  stated  above,  India  presents  a significant market opportunity for renewable energy firms worldwide. However, these firms will need external guidance and assistance on several strategic and operational aspects before they are in a position to effectively tap into this opportunity.

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