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Topical Analysis

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 12: CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES

Public policies are formulated and implemented in order to attain the objectives which the government has in view for the ultimate benefit of the masses in general. These policies clearly spell out the programmes of government.

But the policies and programmes faces lacunas at both the policy formulation and policy implementation.  

Some of the programmes have been discussed below with complete analysis related to them.

The articles are:

  1. ISSUE IN POLICIES AND PROGRAMES
  2. SKILL INDIA MISSION
  3. PRADHAN MANTRI JAN-DHAN YOJANA (PMJDY)
  4. ANALYSIS OF SWATCHH BHARAT MISSION
  5. NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY ACT IMPLEMENTED
  6. SMART CITY MISSION
  7. NITI AAYOG RECOMMNEDATIONS ON GUIDELINES FOR FLEXI-FUND FOR CSS

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 11: REGIONALISM

The people in India differ greatly from one another in respect of language and social habits. Regionalism describes situations in which different religious or ethnic groups with distinctive identities coexist within the same state boundaries, often concentrated within a particular region and sharing strong feelings of collective identity.

Regionalism stands for the love of a particular region or an area in preference to the nation or any other region. 

Thus to understand the different dimensions related to the regionalism following topics have been covered in this series:

These Articles may prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.

  1. REGIONALISM: BASICS, TYPES AND SOLUTIONS
  2. LINGUISTIC REGIONALISM IN INDIA
  3. REPERCUSSIONS OF MAKING HINDI COMPULSORY
  4. SONS OF SOIL CONCEPT
  5. REGIONALISM: CASE STUDIES IN INDIA
  6. DEMAND FOR SMALLER STATES

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 10: DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION

According to Administrative Reforms Commission: The district is the most convenient geographical unit where the total apparatus of public administration can be concentrated, and where it comes into direct contact with the people. Most departments of the state Government out-side the secretariat, have external services which are located in the district. The sum total of the activities of these departments and some others, which may also be connected with the affairs of the Central Government, together constitute the administrative machinery in the district.

In this series we are analyzing the working of District Administration in different dimensions as follows:

 
  1. DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION: EVOLUTION AND ROLE
  2. ROLE OF DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION IN LPG ERA
  3. DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
  4. ISSUES IN IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHEMES AT DISTRICT LEVEL
  5. DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION AND E-GOVERNANCE

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 9: MARITIME SECURITY

India’s vital geo-strategic location in the Indian Ocean has helped for its growth as an emerging economy.  Her prominent peninsular orientation and flanking island chains overlook strategic sea lanes in the Indian Ocean, linking her security and prosperity inextricably to the seas.

But due to its strategic position it is facing many threats. The maritime security especially with respect to India has been covered in this issue under the following topics:

  1. MARITIME POSTION OF INDIA & ITS BENEFIT
  2. INDIAN OCEAN: MAJOR SECURITY THREATS
  3. MARITIME DISPUTES OF INDIA
  4. CHINESE REVIVAL OF MARITIME SILK ROUTE & IT’S IMPLICATION ON INDIA
  5. STRATEGY FOR COASTAL & OFFSHORE SECURITY

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 8: DISPUTE REDRESSAL MECHANISM

A dispute mechanism is a structured process that addresses disputes or
grievances that arise between two or more parties engaged in business,
legal, or societal relationships. Dispute mechanisms are used in
dispute resolution, and may incorporate conciliation, conflict
resolution, mediation, and negotiation.
There are many alternative dispute redressal mechanism in India apart
from core Judiciary mechanism.
Hereby discussing the topic under following heads:

  1. DISPUTE REDRESSAL MECHANISM
  2. ADMINISTATIVE TRIBUNALS
  3. NATIONAL COMPANY LAW TRIBUNAL
  4. SINGLE TRIBUNAL FOR INTER-STATE WATER DISPUTE
  5. NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL: ANALYSIS
  6. GRAM NYAYALAYA
  7. LOK ADALAT
  8. ARBITRATION AND CONCILATION
  9. INSTITUTION MECHANISM FOR DISPUTE REDRESSAL

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 7:NUCLEAR ENERGY SCENARIO IN INDIA

Nuclear energy can help in making India energy sufficient nation. India today is recognized as a country with advanced nuclear technologies. Comprehensive indigenous capabilities have been developed in all aspects of nuclear power and associated fuel cycles. It has a large R&D base, qualified human resource and facilities for continual development of human resource, industrial capability and capacity as well as robust regulatory framework. The performance of Indian nuclear power stations and implementation of projects have been comparable to international benchmarks but still the nuclear policy of India is facing obstruction.

In this series we are analyzing the nuclear energy scenario of India alongwith different issues faced at international arena related to it. The topics covered are

  1. NUCLEAR ENERGY SCENARIO & INSTITUTIONS
  2. NUCLEAR AGREEMENTS: SIGNIFICANCE & ISSUES
  3. DEBATE OVER NUCLEAR ENERGY IN INDIA
  4. CIVIL LIABILITY FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE: DEBATE
  5. INDIA'S NUCLEAR DOCTRINE: ANALYSIS

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 6: DEGLOBALIZATION

Deglobalization is the process of diminishing interdependence and integration between certain units around the world, typically nation-states.

Several prominent countries including the UK resisted globalisation by rising tariffs. Far-right parties in Europe gained popularity in this atmosphere of financial weakness.

Thus hereby analyzing the concept of Deglobalisation and recent trends of I under following heads:

  1. DEGLOBALIZATION: AN INTRODUCTION
  2. BREXIT - PART OF THE FIRST WAVE OF DEGLOBALISATION
  3. PROTECTION: FROM OF ECONOMIC DEGLOBALISATION
  4. MULTILATERALISM AND THE DIVIDING WORLD ORDER
  5. DEGLOBALIZATION:EU POLICIES RELATED TO REFUGEES
  6. MULTILATERALISM AND THE DIVIDING WORLD ORDER

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 5: GST NEW ERA OF TAX REGIME

GST is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GST essentially a tax only on value addition at each stage. The final consumer will thus bear only the GST charged by the last dealer in the supply chain, with set-off benefits at all the previous stages. This is expected to help broaden the tax base, increase tax compliance, and reduce economic distortions caused by inter-state variations in taxes.

Thus hereby providing the complete critical analysis of the GST under following heads:

  1. INTRODUCTION TO GST
  2. GST: COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM
  3. GST: MACRO ECONOMIC EFFECTS
  4. GST: IMPACT ON SECTOR OF THE ECONOMY
  5. ROLE OF IT IN GST REGIME
  6. GST RATE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS
  7. GST: CONCERNS IN NEW REGIME

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 4: WASTE MANAGEMENT ISSUES AND RULES IN INDIA

“Wastes” are materials which are discarded after use at the end of their intended life-span. Waste management is a collective activity involving segregation, collection, transportation, re-processing, recycling and disposal of various types of wastes. Waste management differs for different types of wastes and for wastes in different geographical locations such as urban, rural and hilly areas. 

While the management of non-hazardous domestic waste is the joint responsibility of the citizens and the local government, the management of commercial, industrial and hazardous waste is the responsibility of the waste generators like commercial establishments, healthcare establishments, industries and the pollution control boards. Sustainable waste management can be achieved through strategic planning, institutional capacity building, fiscal incentives, techno-economically viable technologies, public-private partnerships, community participation and such others.
Thus in this series we are analyzing different kinds of wastes, issues and rules for its management designed by the government.
 
It includes following chapters:
 
  1. WASTE MANAGEMENT
  2. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
  3. E-WASTE MANAGEMENT AND HANDLING
  4. HAZARDOUS WASTE
  5. BIO-MEDICAL WASTE

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 3: MULTILATERAL EXPORT CONTROL REGIME

A Multilateral Export Control Regime (MECR) is an international body that states use to organize their national export control systems. There are currently four such regimes:

• The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies

• The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), for the control of nuclear related technology

• The Australia Group (AG) for control of chemical and biological technology that could be weaponized

• The Missile Technology Control Regime for the control of rockets and other aerial vehicles capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction.

India has placed bid for the above regimes (it has become member of MTCR). Thus, hereby analyzing each regime with respect to India.

The topics are as follows:

  1. Multilateral Export Control Regime: An Introduction
  2. NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP (NSG)
  3. MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME (MTCR)
  4. AUSTRALIA GROUP (AG)
  5. WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 2: INTERNAL SECURITY AND MEDIA

In the age of information revolution, media is the most influential tool and instrumental in persuasion of national policies and interests.

But Social networking sites (or print media) and the challenges that it throws up in the space of cyber-warfare are indeed issues that have drawn the attention of security and law enforcement agencies in recent times. 

The potential of media as a force multiplier and a weapon of war must be realized. Failure to recognize and counter enemy's usage of media could lead to unprecedented military and national failures. It must be realized that today decisions are no longer based on events but on how the events are presented.

Thus to understand the different threats posed by Media to the internal security of India have been analysed under the following heads:

  1. Role of Media in India
  2. Social Media and Internal Security Threat
  3. Uses of Social Media by Terrorist Organizations
  4. Media and Internal Security Threat

TOPICAL ANALYSIS 1: JUDGMENT THAT CHANGED INDIA

The Supreme Court is primarily a court of appeal and has extensive appellate jurisdiction. Its primary function is to interpret the Constitution and declare whether or not any legislation or administrative action is unconstitutional. The Supreme Court is the final arbiter in all constitutional controversies. The law declared by the Supreme Court is binding on all courts in India, and is the law of the land.

This power is extremely wide and enables the Supreme Court to act as a check against improper exercise of jurisdiction by judicial or quasi judicial bodies as well as maintain a uniformity of legal approach.

Supreme Court since independence has given many landmark judgments which have impact on the progress of the nation.

Hereby, we are analyzing these judgments under two series. In first series we are covering following articles:

  1. Constitutional Provisions related to the Supreme Court
  2. Euthanasia Debate: The Aruna Shanbaug Judgment
  3. Judgment of the Supreme Court on NOTA
  4. Keshavananda Bharti vs. State of Kerala
  5. Shah Bano Judgment and Uniform Civil Code in India

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