Government Institutions Related to Culture

Government Institutions Related to Art and Culture

Government Institutions Related to Art and Culture

• Lalit Kala Akademi
To promote and propagate understanding of Indian art, both within and outside the country, the Lalit Kala Akademi was established in 1954 at New Delhi for pursuance of the dream of the first Prime Minister of independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for a cultural and national identity.
The Akademi has regional centres called Rashtriya Lalit Kala Kendras at Lucknow, Kolkata, Chennai, Garhi in New Delhi and Bhubaneswar with workshop facilities in painting, sculpture, print-making and ceramics.
Broadly the objectives of the Akademi are – to encourage the exchange of ideas between various schools of art by organizing conferences, seminars, exhibitions etc. on all India basis involving scholars and educationists and State Academies, Zonal cultural Centers and Art Organizations like faculties of art in universities, art colleges and schools, art museums, art galleries and art associations; To publish and to promote publication of literature on art including monographs, journals etc (The Akademi also brings out bi-annual art journals, Lalit Kala Contemporary (English), Lalit Kala Ancient (English) and Samkaleen Kala (Hindi)); To foster cultural contacts within the country and also with other countries, through art exhibition, exchange of personal and art objects; To award scholarships and prizes to deserving artists; To create a Reserve Fund, Sinking Fund, or any other special fund, whether for depreciation or for repairs, improving , extending or maintaining any of the properties or rights of the Akademi.
The National Exhibition of Art is the most prestigious annual event of the Lalit kala Akademi begun in 1955; it is directed towards showcasing and representing visual advances in the year. The Akademi honours eminent artists and art historians every year by electing them as Fellows of the Akademi.
Lalit Kala Akademi was basically set up to serve as a medium to provide recognition to the unknown unrecognized mediocre artists. By organizing exhibitions it acts as a platform for artists to get the suitable rewards for their hard work. The Akademi also organises Triennial India, an International exhibition of contemporary art in New Delhi.
The main objective of the Triennale, an international Exhibition of Contemporary art, is to provide a platform for sharing old experiences and sharing better understanding of art practices among the artists of participating countries. This event is organised once in every three years.

• Sangeet Natak Akademi
The Sangeet Natak Akademi – India’s national academy for music, dance and drama – is the first National Academy of the arts set-up by the Republic of India. It was created by a resolution of the Ministry of Education, Government of India, dated 31 May 1952.
Since its inception the Akademi has been functioning as the apex body of the performing arts in the country, preserving and promoting the vast intangible heritage of India’s diverse culture expressed in the forms of music, dance and drama. In furtherance of its objectives the Akademi coordinates and collaborates with the governments and art academies of different States and Territories of the Union of India as also with major cultural institutions in the country. The Akademi establishes and looks after institutions and projects of national importance in the field of the performing arts. The National School of Drama, set up in 1959, was the first of their two national institutions of dance — Jawaharlal Nehru Manipur Dance Academy in Imphal and Kathak Kendra (National Institute of Kathak Dance) in New Delhi – were set up in 1964 respectively. National Projects of Support to Kuttiyattam – the age-old Sanskrit theatre of Kerala – Chhau dances of eastern India and Sattriya traditions of Assam have been lauched subsequently. After ten years of intensive work under the Kutiyattam project, the UNESCO declared Kutiyattam as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in May 2001.It organizes performances of music, dance, and theatre.
The Akademi Awards are the highest national recognition conferred on eminent artistes. The Akademi also confers Fellowships and Scholarship, their numbers being restricted to 30 living recipients.
To subsidize the work of institutions engaged in teaching, performing or promoting music, dance, or theatre; the Akademi gives grants-in-aid for research, documentation, and publishing in the performing arts; organizes and subsidizes seminars and conferences of subject specialists; documents and records the performing arts for its audio-visual archive.
The Sangeet Natak Akademi is at present an autonomous body of the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Government of India and is fully funded by the Government for implementation of its schemes and programmes.

Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi is the Indian National Academy of Letters meant to promote the cause of Indian literature through publications, translations, seminars, workshops, cultural exchange programmes and literary meets organised all over the country.
The Akademi was founded in March 1954 as an autonomous body fully funded by the Department of Culture. It was registered as a Society in 1956 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
Over the 56 years of its dynamic existence, it has ceaselessly endeavored to promote good taste and healthy reading habits, to keep alive the intimate dialogue among the various linguistic and literary zones and groups through seminars, lectures, symposia, discussions, readings and performances, to increase the pace of mutual translations through workshops and individual assignments and to develop a serious literary culture through the publications of journals, monographs, individual creative works of every genre, anthologies, encyclopedias, dictionaries, bibliographies, who’s who of writers and histories of literature.
The highest honour conferred by the Akademi on a writer is by electing him its Fellow. This honour is reserved for the ‘Immortals of Literature’ and limited to 21 at any given time.
The Akademi has recognised 24 languages. Besides the twenty two languages enumerated in the Constitution of India, the Sahitya Akademi has recognised English and Rajasthani as languages in which its programme may be implemented.
It has three journals, Indian Literature (bi-monthly in English), Samkaleena Bharatiya Sahitya (bi-monthly in Hindi) and Samskrita Pratibha (half-yearly in Sanskrit). Every year the Akademi publishes 250-300 books on an average.
The head office of Sahitya Akademi is situated at New Delhi whereas it has regional centres at:
Kolkata: This Regional Office looks after the publication and programme work in Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Manipuri and Oriya, besides a part of publication work in English and Tibetan. It also handles programmes in the other north-eastern languages. The Regional office maintains a major Library.
Bangalore: Looks after the publication and programme work in Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu, besides a part of publication in English. It is located in Central College Campus. This regional office also has a major library.
Chennai Office: This office works as sub regional office and looks after the Tamil language and its programmes.
Mumbai: It was set up in 1972. It looks after the publication and programme work in Gujarati. Konkani, Marathi and Sindhi, besides a part of publication work in English and Hindi.
The Sahitya Akademi Library is one of the most important and unique multi-lingual libraries in India with a rich collection of books on literature and allied subjects in the 24 languages recognised by the Sahitya Akademi. The Library is well-known for its huge collection of books on criticism, of works of translation’ and reference books including dictionaries.

• Archaeological Survey of India
The  Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Besides it regulate all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. It also regulates Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972.
For the maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance the entire country is divided into 24 Circles. The organization has a large work force of trained archaeologists, conservators, epigraphist, architects and scientists for conducting archaeological research projects through its Circles, Museums, Excavation Branches, Prehistory Branch, Epigraphy Branches, Science Branch, Horticulture Branch, Building Survey Project, Temple Survey Projects and Underwater Archaeology Wing.

• The Asiatic society, Kolkata
The Asiatic society was founded in Calcutta in 1784 by Sir William jones, an eminet indologist , with the objective of inquiring into the history, antiquities, arts , science and literature of Asia. This institution proved to be the fountain-head of all literary and scientific activities in India and patron of all Asiatic socities in the world. The society has a rich collection of books , manuscripts , coins , inscriptions and archival material. It is also a museum.

• The Centre for Cultural Resources and Training (CCRT)
The Centre for Cultural Resources and Training (CCRT) is one of the premier institutions working in the field of linking education with culture. Established in 1979, pioneered by Smt. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay and Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan, it functions as an autonomous organization under the aegis of Ministry of Culture, Government of India. At the philosophical core of the CCRT lies a commitment to holistic education, encompassing the cognitive, emotional and spiritual development of children. To this end the CCRT conducts education grounded in cultural knowledge and understanding as conducive to clarity, creativity, independence of thought, tolerance and compassion.
• National School of Drama
It is one of the foremost theatre institutions of the World and the only one of its kind in India. It was set up by Sangeet Natak Academy in 1959, later in 1975 it became an autonomous body, totally financed by Department of Culture. The objective of NSD is to train students in all aspects of theatre, including Theatre History Production, Scene Design, Costume Designs, Lighting, Makeup etc. The training course at NSD Art and Culture is of three years duration. Each year, 20 students are admitted to the course.

• Central Board of Film Certification
The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) was set up under the Cinematograph Act 1952. CBFC certifies films for public exhibition in India. It consists of a chairperson and twenty five other non -official members. Smt. Sharmila Tagore is the present Chairperson of CBFC. Its headquarters is in Mumbai. It has nine regional offices in Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, Cuttack, Guwahati, Hyderbad, Mumbai, New Delhi and Thiruvananthapuram.
• National Film Development Corporation Limited (NFDC)
The National Film Development Corporation Limited was incorporated in 1975. It was formed by the Government of India with the primary objective of planning and promoting an organized, efficient and integrated development of the Indian film industry. NFDC was reincorporated in the year 1980, by merging the Film Finance Corporation (FFC) and Indian Motion Picture Export Corporation (IMPEC) with NFDC. The erstwhile Film Finance Corporation was set up in the year 1962. It was formed with the primary objective of extending finance to young talented film makers for film production. The Indian Motion Picture Export Corporation was an autonomous body. It was set up to regulate the import and export of films and canalization of raw stock into the country. The NFDC has so far produced over 200 films. These films in various Indian languages, have been widely acclaimed and have won many national and international awards. The Corporate office of NFDC is at Worli, Mumbai. It has three Regional Offices at Chennai, Kolkata and Delhi and a Branch Office at Thiruvananthapuram