SECC-2011 is the study of socio economic status of rural and urban households.
The Ministry of Rural Development Government of India, commenced the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011, in June 2011 through a comprehensive door to door enumeration across the country.
SECC 2011 has three census components which were conducted by three separate authorities but under the overall coordination of Department of Rural Development in the Government of India. Census in Rural Area has been conducted by the Department of Rural Development (DoRD). Census in Urban areas is under the administrative jurisdiction of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). Caste Census is under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs: Registrar General of India (RGI) and Census Commissioner of India.
The SECC, 2011 has the following three objective:
a) To enable households to be ranked based on their socioeconomic status. State Governments can then prepare a list of families living below the poverty line.
b) To make available authentic information that will enable caste-wise population enumeration of the country.
c) To make available authentic information regarding the socioeconomic condition, and education status of various castes and sections of the population.
The highlights of the Census are:
a) In 75 per cent of 17.9 crore households in rural India, the monthly income of the highest-earning member is less than Rs.5,000
b) Nearly 40 per cent are landless and work as manual casual labourers
c) 25 per cent of the rural households still do not own a phone
d) 25 per cent rural households have no access to irrigation
e) Only 8.29 per cent of rural households have a member earning over Rs.10,000 per month
f) 10.69 crore rural families, or 60 per cent, qualify for “deprivation”
g) Of these over 100 million deprived households, 21.5 per cent belong to scheduled castes or tribes.
h) This census takes caste into account for the first time in any such exercise since 1931.