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Agriculture and Allied sector

 Agriculture continues to be the most crucial sector of the Indian economy. Its contribution in terms of providing employment to nearly two third of the work force has been critical in maintaining livelihoods especially in the rural areas. The planned approach to development has helped the country to reach a stage where the country is self sufficient in food grains and has a comfortable buffer stock. These achievements have been possible mainly through the favourable policy framework. However, still agriculture sector faces many issues related to irrigation, groundwater depletion, etc. 

The following Articles have been selected from Kurukshetra Magazine related to Agriculture and Allied sector:

a) Far Reaching Reforms In National Agriculture Market

b) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

c) Reaching The Unreached: Direct Benefit Transfer In Agriculture

d) Lab-To-Land Approach In Agricultural Sector

e) Storage Facilities For Perishables critical Gaps And Initiatives

f) Ground Water Concerns & Irrigation Scenario

These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on agriculture which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 

 

Far Reaching Reforms In National Agriculture Market
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
Reaching The Unreached
Lab-To-Land Approach In Agricultural Sector
Storage Facilities For Perishables critical Gaps And Initiatives
Ground Water Concerns & Irrigation Scenario

Union Budget 2016-17


Budgeting is the process of estimating the availability of resources and then allocating them to various activities of an organization according to a pre-determined priority.

 The Budget reflects and shapes, and is, in turn, shaped by the country's economy. For a better appreciation of the impact of government receipts and expenditure on the other sectors of the economy, it is necessary to group them in terms of economic magnitudes, for example, how much is set aside for capital formation, how much is spent directly by the Government and how much is transferred by Government to other sectors of the economy by way of grants, loans, etc. 

 The following Articles have been selected from Yojana Magazine related to Budget 2016-17:

 1. A shot in the arm for agriculture

2. Infrastructure provisioning: strategic with implementation challenges

3. Robust eco-system to spur growth & massive employment

4. Gender budgeting : provisions

5. Provisions for education sector

6. Health interventions

 

A shot in the arm for agriculture
Infrastructure provisioning: strategic with implementation challenges
Robust eco-system to spur growth & massive employment
Gender budgeting
Provisions for education sector
Health interventions

Yojana: Do you know compilation

 

There are many terms which comes up in news daily and aspirants does not know the important aspects related to it except the literal meaning of that. 

Hereby compiling the “Do You Know” series from Yojana on the following topics:

a) Reducing GHG Emissions : The Kyoto Mechanisms

b) Carbon Credits

c) P-notes

d) Banking Sector Terms

e) Bitcoins

f) Philips curve and SDR

g) Recapitalization of Banks

h) Shale Gas

i) Disabilities in India

These Articles may prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 

 

Reducing GHG Emissions
Carbon Credits
P-notes
Banking Sector Terms
Bitcoins
Philips curve and SDR
Recapitalization of Banks
Shale Gas
Disabilities in India

Health: Priority in National Development Goals

 

Health’, a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a precondition to the realization of human potential and for attainment of happiness. Thus, health is both a social and an economic good. There is a strong relationship between economic growth and better health – it being a two way relationship.

The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution of India mandate ‘improvement of public health’ as one of the primary duties of the State. The Central and State Governments have been taking proactive steps to promote health of the people by creating a network of public healthcare facilities, which provide free medical services, and also proactively control the spread of diseases.

But there are many flaws in the health care system of India. The policy should focus on provision of Universal Health Care including provision of drugs and diagnostic care to poor and marginalized population, financial risk protection.

To understand the different dimensions of health following articles have been selected from the Yojana:

a) Health Sector in India: Perspective and Way Forward

b) Evolution of National Health Policy in India

c) Health Care in Tribal Areas : Present and the Future

d) Universal Health Coverage and Sustainable Development Goals

e) Adolescent Health : Challenges of a Transitional Stage

f) Lessons from HIV Programme

These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Health which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 

 

Health Sector in India
Evolution of National Health Policy in India
Health Care in Tribal Areas
Universal Health Coverage and Sustainable Development Goals
Adolescent Health
Lessons from HIV Programme

Education: Key to Success

 

 
Education means all round development of personality of a person. It is an established fact that basic education improves the level of human well - being especially with regard to life expectancy, infant mortality, and nutritional status of children/etc. Studies have shown that universal basic education significantly contributes to economic growth. The education sector in India is one of the most important sectors, as it holds the key to social and economic development of the country.
 
But there are many shortcomings in the education sector in India. Access to education is still a dream for many, especially in the remote and rural areas where there are no school buildings or even possibility of reaching the school during rain or snow. Equitable educational access to tribals, marginalized, SCs and STs is a major point of concern with policy makers trying to bring them into the nation building process.
 
To understand the different issues related to education sector, we are compiling different articles from Yojana:
 
a) Transforming Indian School Education : Policy Concerns and Priorities
b) Towards a value -based society: Learning to Live Together 
c) Women & Girls' Education : Issues in India
d) Education of the Marginalised, SCs & STs: Issues, Challenges and the Way Forward
e) Vocationalisation of Education in India
f) ‘SWAYAM’: the Indian e-Learning Platform
 
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on Education which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 
 
Transforming Indian School Education
Towards a value
Women & Girls
Education of the Marginalised, SCs & STs
Vocationalisation of Education in India
SWAYAM

Agricultural productivity (Yojana)


Agriculture has been a way of life and continues to be the single most important livelihood of the masses. Agricultural policy focus in India across decades has been on self-sufficiency and self-reliance in foodgrains production. Considerable progress has been made on this front but it is falling short due to the rise in demand.

In the geographical aspect India has the highest advantage of farm area under cultivation, but the yield is neither encouraging nor remunerative to the cultivators.

So the solution lies in increasing productivity of agriculture. Hence to understand the different methods that can improve agricultural productivity in India following articles have been chosen from the Kurukshetra:

a) Technology Innovations to Increase Productivity in Agriculture

b) Efficient Use of Fertilizers can Increase Agricultural Production

c) Increasing Agriculture Productivity in Rainfed Areas

d) Climate Change-Impact on Agriculture

e) Milking It Right : The Problems and Prospects of the Dairy Sector in India

These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on the topic which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 

 

Technology Innovations to Increase Productivity in Agriculture
Efficient Use of Fertilizers can Increase Agricultural Production
Increasing Agriculture Productivity in Rainfed Areas
Climate Change
Milking It Right

Rural Migration


Migration (human) is the movement of people from one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semi-permanent residence, usually across a political boundary.

Rural-urban migration is increasing as the growth rates in agricultural production and income has been noted to be low, unstable and disparate across regions over the past several decades, resulting in lack of livelihood opportunities in rural areas. A low rate of infrastructural investment in public sector in the period of structural adjustment - necessary for keeping budgetary deficits low – also have affected agriculture adversely. This has led to out-migration from several backward rural areas, most of the migrants being absorbed within urban informal economy. 

But the capacity of the cities and towns to assimilate the migrants by providing employment, access to land, basic amenities etc. are limited. Rural urban migration has often been considered the major factor for growth of slums in urban areas. Hence to understand the basics of migration and its impact following articles have been selected from Kurukshetra:

a) Rural India: Still Floating Towards Cities

b) Can we Check Migration from rural areas?

c) Migration : Impact & Relevance of Remittance On Rural Areas

d) Prospects for Development of Non-Conventional and Renewable Sources of Energy for Rural Development

These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on the topic which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 

 

Rural India
Can we Check Migration from rural areas?
Migration
Prospects for Development

Land resource


Land is the most important component of the life support system. It is the most important natural resource which embodies soil and water, and associated flora and fauna involving the ecosystem on which all man’s activities are based. Land is a finite resource. 

Land availability is only about 20% of the earth’s surface. Land is crucial for all developmental activities, for natural resources, ecosystem services and for agriculture. Growing population, growing needs and demands for economic development, clean water, food and other products from natural resources, as well as degradation of land and negative environmental impacts are posing increasing pressures to the land resources in many countries of the world.

There is a need for optimal utilisation of land resources. There is a need to cater land for industrialisation and for development of essential infrastructure facilities and for urbanisation. While at the same time, there is a need to ensure high quality delivery of services of ecosystems that come from natural resource base and to cater to the needs of the farmers that enable food security, both of which are of vital significance for the whole nation. Also, there is a need for preservation of the country’s natural, cultural and historic heritage areas. In every case, there is a need for optimal utilisation of land resources.

Thus to understand different aspects of conserving land resource following articles have been selected from Kurukshetra:

1. Land Use and Agrarian Relations
2. Land Management can improve rural economy
3. Land Records Modernization 
4. Dryland Conservation
5. Initiatives to sustain Land Resource Development
6. Linking Rural Resources with Development Planning

 

Land Use and Agrarian Relations
Land Management can improve rural economy
Land Records Modernization
Dryland Conservation
Initiatives to sustain Land Resource Development
Linking Rural Resources with Development Planning

Education for all

The Education for All is enshrined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as well as in the principles and goals of the main international rights conventions and summits. It establishes that all children and adolescents are entitled to free, quality education, with the State bearing full responsibility for guaranteeing it throughout the life cycle. 

 
There are three basic components to the Education for All: access to education, the right to receiving quality education and the right to fair treatment in schools.
 
Education enriches people’s understanding of themselves and world. It improves the quality of their lives and leads to broad social benefits to individuals and society. Education raises people’s productivity and creativity and promotes entrepreneurship and technological advances.
 
But the greater challenge today is to evolve an educational system that is dialogic and promotes creative engagement with the world for social transformation.
 
Hence to understand the different dimensions of education and its importance following articles have been taken from the Yojana:
 
a) Language Resource and Higher Education
 
b) The Transformative Potential of Teacher Education
 
c) Inclusion, Equity and Elementary Education
 
d) Cinderella Goes to School: Education of Girls in India
 
e) Equal Opportunity Education: Abandoned Agenda?
 
These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on the topic which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 
 
Language Resource and Higher Education
The Transformative Potential of Teacher Education
Inclusion, Equity and Elementary Education
Cinderella Goes to School: Education of Girls in India
Equal Opportunity Education

Democracy and electoral reforms

 
Free and fair elections guarantee the growth of a healthy democracy in the country. The ‘Fair’ denotes equal opportunity to all people. Universal adult suffrage conferred on the citizens of India by the Constitution has made it possible for millions of individual voters to go to the polls and thus participate in the governance of our country.
 
But for democracy to survive, it is essential that the best available men should be chosen as people’s representatives for proper governance of the country. This can be best achieved through men of high moral and ethical values, who win the elections on a positive vote. But corruption, money power and crime is poisoning the tree of democracy.

Hence to understand the present electoral scenario and reforms needed in it, following articles have been taken from Yojana:
 
a) Electoral Reforms through the Years
b) Hyper Plurality of Candidates and Indian Electoral Reforms
c) The Electoral Participation of Women
d) UID Project: Does Evidence Matter?
e) Electoral Reform and the Deepening of Democracy in India

These Articles will provide a complete gist of the different dimensions on the topic which will prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers. 
 
Electoral Reforms through the Years
Hyper Plurality of Candidates and Indian Electoral Reforms
The Electoral Participation of Women
UID Project
Electoral Reform and the Deepening of Democracy in India
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