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GS Mains Test Series 2018
GS Mains Test Series 2018

MULTIDIMENSIONAL POOR CHILDREN IN INDIA

Context

Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) have released a new report titled ‘Global Multidimensional Poverty Index [MPI], 2017’ which focused on multi-dimensional poverty among children’s.
 
Key findings of the report
  • Globally, 689 million multi-dimensional poor children in the world.
  • Of these,
    • 31% live in India,
    • 8% live in Nigeria, 
    • 7% live in Ethiopia 
    •  6% live in Pakistan.
  • Out of India’s 217 million children, 49.9% were multi-dimensionally poor.
  • Health dimension: It comprises indicators such as nutrition, child mortality, and education. 
  • Standard of living dimension: it comprises indicators such as access to cooking fuel, safe drinking water, improved sanitation, flooring, electricity and asset ownership.
Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
  • Who is a multi-dimensionally poor”? One who lacks at least one-third of ten indicators, grouped into three dimensions of poverty: health, education and standard of living. 
  • Who developed it? It was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program.
  • Dimensions and indicators:
    • The index uses the same three dimensions as the Human Development Index: health, education, and standard of living.
    • These are measured using ten indicators.
Dimension Indicators
Health • Child Mortality
• Nutrition
Education • Years of schooling
• School attendance
Living Standards • Cooking fuel
• Toilet
• Water
• Electricity
• Floor
• Assets

About OPHI

The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) is an economic research centre within the Oxford Department of International Development at the University of Oxford. Established in 2007, the centre is led by Sabina Alkire.

OPHI aims to build and advance a more systematic methodological and economic framework for reducing multidimensional poverty, grounded in people’s experiences and values. 

 

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