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India launches Operation Kaveri to evacuate citizens stranded in Sudan

  • Published
    25th Apr, 2023

India launched 'Operation Kaveri' to return its people from Sudan, which has been witnessing fierce fighting as a result of a power struggle between the regular army and a paramilitary team. 

The name game

  • This mission is named on the same lines as that the PM chose to name the operation in Ukraine Operation Ganga.
  • Rivers reach their destination irrespective of barriers. It's like a mother who will ensure she will bring her children back to safety.

Kaveri river

  • The Kaveri is one of the major Indian rivers flowing through the southern states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • The river is sacred to the people of the region and is worshipped as the Goddess Kaveriamma (mother Kaveri).

Major evacuation operations

  • Operation Ganga: In a mission to evacuate stranded Indians from war-torn Ukraine, the Indian government kicked off Operation Ganga in February 2022
  • Operation Devi Shakti: An evacuation operation by the Indian Armed Forces (IAF) was kicked off in August 2021 to safely bring back Indian nationals from Afghanistan after the collapse of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the fall of Kabul, the capital city of the Taliban.
  • Vande Bharat Mission: Special flights were operated across to globe in this mission to bring back the nationals who were left stranded in foreign countries due to the coronavirus pandemic.
  • Wuhan Airlift: In one of the most difficult evacuation flights, India airlifted its citizens safe from China’s coronavirus-hit city of Wuhan in January 2020.
  • Operation Maitri: The government of India carried out this mission to safely bring the nationals from Nepal after the deadly earthquake in 2015.
  • Operation Raahat: Hundreds of Indians and other nationals were rescued under this operation during the unrest at Yemen's capital Sana’a after the complete takeover by Houthi rebel fighters in January 2015
  • Operation Amnesty Airlift: The mission was carried out in September 1996 to bring back the Indian nationals who did not have valid permits from the United Arab Emirates. 
  • Kuwait Airlift: In one of the most massive operations in Indian history, the Indian Air Force joined hands with Air India in airlifting stranded Indian nationals in Kuwait in August 1990. 
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