The Civil Services exam is regarded as a highly coveted exam in India. This exam is taken to produce highly qualified and distinguished bureaucrats who are responsible to help to form legislations and execute them in the country. They are also responsible to administer law and order situations in certain parts of India. Pertaining to this Program and Policies become a crucial part of the Civil Services Prelims Exam and every year there are a fair number of questions are asked from this section in UPSC Prelims Exam. The government of India frames policies to tackle a plethora of problems plaguing the country, in different spheres such as employment, health, women empowerment, etc. Various programs and initiatives launched by central and state governments that create a societal impact remain the focus areas of the exam. The departments and ministries associated with these programs are also asked in the exam. Schemes and policies have various dimensions on which questions are based upon. The information like objective, targeted beneficiary, and main features are the key areas on which the questions are based upon.
A famous proverb says “A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin, and culture is like a tree without roots.”. This goes best for the civil services exam. Our future is dependent upon history and our present is an imprint of history. The seeds of our civilization remain embedded in the soil of our history and the destiny of mankind is the culmination of historical events of the past. This is the reason that Syllabus Of History has been given such importance in the Civil Services Exam and every year a significant number of questions appear in the prelims and mains exam from Indian History. Previous Year Question Paper Of Prelims reveal that about 10-15 questions are asked from Indian History. Among these questions, there is a fair portion of Modern History in the prelims paper. Modern history is all about events that took place during the 18th century in India. The period after the Mutiny 1857 saw the rise of the nationalist movement in a more planned and coordinated manner. Before 1857 there were few small rebellions by unsatisfied landlords, kings and peasants that can’t be said as a national movement.
UPSC Exam is a unique exam that tests an individual on various grounds. The commission not only tests the knowledge and shrewdness of an individual but persistence and perseverance also. The structure and syllabus of the exam have been designed in such a way that it is both objective and subjective in nature. The inclusion of various subjects in the Civil Services Exam has the sole purpose to prepare a civil servant ready in diverse fields so that in every sphere a solid policy could be formulated that is benevolent for all.
Because of the inclusion of a lot of topics and objectivity UPSC Prelims Exam remains quite crucial in nature. The UPSC syllabus has been designed in such a way that it demands aspirants to analyze and mug up both concepts and facts simultaneously. However, most of the time difficulties arise due to an abundance of information and data. This leads to confusion and exhaustion also. In this scenario, one needs to follow a collaborative and inclusive approach of preparation and leave no stones unturned.
After delving into strategy for preparation of history, art and culture, polity economy and science and technology today we are going to discuss the planning and strategy of the most salient and fundamental pillar of UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam i.e Geography. Geography is a subject that is considered as ineviatable portion of civil services exam. The relevancy and importance of geography can be assessed from the fact that in the marking scheme of prelims exam a decent score has been given to this subject. Previous Year Paper trend reveals that number of questions keep on varying every year related to this subject. However this trend follows for other subjects also. UPSC keeps on surprising aspirants by increasing or decreasing the weightage of particular subject. Keeping this in mind one need to be careful regarding his preparation strategy and planning. The fundamental pillar subjects should be more focus oriented and should not be ignored or left behind at any cost.
There are certain places on earth with special cultural or physical significance and outstanding universal value to humanity. These places are often regarded as World Heritage Sites. These places can be diverse in nature such as a building, a city, a complex, a desert, a forest, an island, a lake, a monument, or a mountain. From UPSC Prelims Exam point of view, these places could be of huge importance. The trend of the previous year's paper reflects that questions based on these places have made their presence around the years.
UPSC tests an aspirant on various grounds in civil services exam. A civil services aspirant should be well versed in almost all subjects as an administrator is supposed to make policies in diverse areas. So it is important for him to have knowledge in history, geography, sociology, polity etc. The Civil Services Exam has been designed in such a way that it comprises a fine balance in all these areas. Indian History among these subjects has an important role to play. Be the prelims or mains exam of civil services, Indian history and Indian National Movement has a significant segment. Because of vastness of syllabus and abundance of study materials in the market this subject can give goosebumps to aspirants during exam if they go unprepared. However one can sail through prelims exam if one has solid knowledge of subject and had undergone through strategic preparation.
It is preconceived notion of many that autistic children are mentally retarded and they should be confined within the four walls. Autism is often regarded as stigma in society and children with autism are discriminated on various grounds in society. However, Autism has nothing to do with mind or psychology rather it is a neurological condition that persists entire life. Autism is often manifested during early childhood days. Autism is also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that is characterized with problems pertaining to communication and behavior. Autism could be associated with a wide range of symptoms and skills.
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