Current Affairs for UPSC IAS



A recent report by a public health group on pharmaceutical marketing practices has revealed widespread use of bribes and inducement by Pharma companies to the doctors in order to increase the sale of their products. For doctors the Medical Council of India has a code of ethics which bars them from accepting any gifts, cash, travel facilities or hospitality from Pharma companies.

Mumbai residents need not buy reverse osmosis (RO) water purifiers as a study by the Union Consumer Affairs Ministry has found samples of tap water collected from the financial capital compliant with the Indian standards for drinking water.

Supreme Court has upheld the 2010 Delhi High Court Verdict and ruled that the office of Chief Justice of India is a public authority under the right to information Act.

The Prime Minister has proposed a new initiative to create a safe and secure maritime domain in the Indo-Pacific, indicating India's readiness to play a bigger role in the region where China has been expanding its military assertiveness.

Three months after the bold decision of scrapping Jammu and Kashmir's decades-old special status under Article 370, the strife-torn state ceased to exist on 30th October midnight. India now has two new Union Territories - Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh - while it has one less state.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has urged business leaders and technocrats to build a bridge between the artificial intelligence and human intentions. In fact artificial intelligence has penetrated several aspects of our life in the past few years. The government on its part has also been vocal about its intention to mainstream AI applications and several ministries along with NITI Aayog have come up various recommendations to enhance the use of AI.

10th of October every year is observed as World Mental Health Day. The purpose is to spread awareness about mental health issues around the world and mobilize efforts in support of mental health. Mental health is an integral and essential component of health. It is fundamental to our collective and individual ability as humans to think, emote, interact with each other, earn a living and at the same time, enjoy life. The level of mental health of a person is determined by multiple social, psychological, and biological factors.

This year, the theme of World Mental Health Day was "Suicide Prevention”. As per WHO data, every 40 seconds, someone loses their life to suicide. In fact, suicide is the principal cause of death among people in the age group of 15 to 29. In India, close to 14 percent of India’s population required active mental health interventions, as per the 2016 National Mental Health Survey.

US President Donald Trump decided to abandon Kurdish fighters in Syria as fulfilling a Poll-campaign promise to withdraw from "endless war" in the Middle East; even as Republican critics and others said he was sacrificing a US ally and undermining American credibility. Trump declared US troops would step aside for an expected Turkish attack on the Kurds, who have fought alongside Americans for years, but he then threatened to destroy Turkey’s economy if they went too far. Even Trump's staunchest Republican congressional allies expressed outrage at the prospect of abandoning Syrian Kurds who had fought the Islamic State group with American arms and advice. Trump said he understood criticism from fellow GOP leaders but disagreed. Pentagon and State Department officials held out the possibility of persuading Turkey to abandon its expected invasion.