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IAS Foundation 2023-24, Batch Starts: 27th July

Topical Analysis

Current Affairs constitute an important part of UPSC preparation. Often some topics require special attention because of their complexity. These topics need specialized linkages of both static portion and contemporary topics.

GS Score is here with Topic Wise Analysis of important issues. We cover distinctive topics that are important in UPSC preparation. Each topic is comprehensively described and covered from the UPSC Prelims Exam as well as from the UPSC Mains Examinations point of view. These topics are also helpful in preparing for the Essay paper. And they also aid while preparing for the interview. These topics are picked from daily current affairs and act as value-added material in your IAS preparation.

The COVID-19 health pandemic and the resulting economic and labour market shock are having a huge impact on people’s lives and livelihoods.

Unfortunately, children are often the first to suffer.

The crisis can push millions of vulnerable children into child labour. Child labour robs children of their childhood, potential and dignity. As many as 152 million (1 in 10) children work as labourers across the world, according to the International Labour Organization.

Among these, 64 million are girls. Almost half of the 72 million children are engaged in hazardous work; 6.3 million are pushed into forced work and human slavery. 

These children are now at even greater risk of facing circumstances that are even more difficult and working longer hours.

Significance of the Topic:

Dams have become an integral part of basic infrastructure by offering indispensable benefits like irrigation, hydropower, domestic and industrial water supply, flood control, drought mitigation, navigation, fish farming, and recreation.

India has invested substantially in dams and related infrastructures, and ranks third after USA and China in the number of large dams. 5254 large dams are in operation in the country currently and another 447 are under construction. In addition to this, there are thousands of medium and small dams. Still, as the population is growing at a steady pace, water security of the country is becoming an issue of concern for all. It has been noted over a period of time that water is in the center stage of disputes between various State Governments. Besides playing a major role in the development of the country especially in providing food and energy security, concerns have been raised about the safety of these wheels of the development.

Hence government has passed Dam Safety Act. Hereby analyzing the significance of dams, their advantages and disadvantages, need for dam safety and critical analysis of the Dam Safety Act.

Significance of the Topic:

The Tribunals Reforms Act has been passed which proposes to dissolve certain existing appellate bodies and transfer their functions to other existing judicial bodies.  Further, it proposes to include provisions related to the composition of selection committees and term of office in the Act itself. 

The Act has created controversies, hereby discussing the tribunal system in India, it’s features and critical analysis of the provisions of the new Act.

Introduction

Due to growing commercial ventures and activities by the Government in different sectors, along with the expansion of Governmental activities in the social and other similar fields, a need has arisen for availing the services of persons having knowledge in specialized fields for effective and speedier dispensation of justice as the traditional mode of administration of justice by the Courts of law was felt to be unequipped with such expertise to deal with the complex issues arising in the changing scenario. Thus, tribunals were established.

‘Tribunal’ is an administrative body established for the purpose of discharging quasi-judicial duties.

Since the late 1990s, nearly three-quarters of the developing world (75 of 103 countries) started catching up, at an accelerated annual pace of about 3.3 percent per capita. Although developing country growth slowed during the global financial crisis (2008–12), the rate of catch-up with advanced countries was not materially affected and remained close to 3 percent. At around the same time, perhaps just preceding this convergence phase, world trade surged, ushering in an era of hyper globalization.  Recently war torn Ukraine started Rethinking in terms of hyper globalisation. In a hyper-globalised world, countries would largely produce things in which they have comparative advantage and import those others can make at lower opportunity cost. The most recent example is palm oil, which accounts for roughly 40 per cent of India’s annual vegetable oil consumption of 22-23 million tonnes. The country’s palm oil requirement is met almost entirely through imports from Indonesia and Malaysia. Indonesia alone has a nearly 60 per cent share of the world’s output and export of this oil. Comparative advantage theory would see this as a good thing. When palm oil is produced in Indonesia and Malaysia or sunflower oil in Ukraine and Russia, it results in “gains from trade” for other countries. 

In the recent times we are witnessing border skirmish along the North Eastern and North Western parts of border where India responded swiftly to avert the huge threat, however the ministerial level talks going on with china and cease fire agreement with Pakistan still active but yielded no desired results but the threats changing its masks and posing a great challenge to India at all the times. Despite the challenges at borders, India making great leaps in defence sector where in recent times MoD (Ministry Of Defence) had set 64% of capital acquisition budget for domestic industry in FY 2021-2022 and has able to “Over Achieve” the target and on other hand Under the Make in India initiative, the Indian government focuses on minimising import dependence, increasing domestic capacity and modernising armed forces. It plans to achieve these by scaling up domestic manufacturing capacity by promoting local Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and bigger defence manufacturers and by inviting foreign manufacturers to start operations in India. Moreover, the government has announced various reforms on aerospace and defence manufacturing policy to provide a fillip to defence equipment manufacturers in India.

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