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Topical Analysis

Topical Analysis

The famous quote “Future wars will be fought over water” leaves little doubt that the world is moving towards an insurmountable water crisis and the effect will be most pronounced in developing countries including India. The crisis of adequate safe drinking-water has gained currency in the recent years and this lack of access to clean and regular drinking water is disproportionately felt by the socially, economically, geographically or demographically disadvantaged ones.

India supports over 16% of the world’s population with only 4% of the world’s freshwater. To make matters worse, more than half of the major rivers in India are highly polluted and unfit for consumption. Challenges will further intensify with rapid climate change contributing to more extreme weather shocks. Increasing population, frequent floods and droughts, delayed monsoons, and rising pollution are some of the key concerns leading to drinking water crisis. While the government has introduced multiple initiatives and awareness towards clean drinking water, the real crisis is more alarming than the reports.

On 8th November demonetization was announced with the aim of the action was 
fourfold: to curb corruption; counterfeiting; the use of high denomination notes for 
terrorist activities; and especially the accumulation of “black money”, generated by 
income that has not been declared to the tax authorities.

The act of demonetisation has positive and negative impact on many areas, which have been compiled under following chapters:

Public policies are formulated and implemented in order to attain the objectives which the government has in view for the ultimate benefit of the masses in general. These policies clearly spell out the programmes of government.

But the policies and programmes faces lacunas at both the policy formulation and policy implementation.  

Some of the programmes have been discussed below with complete analysis related to them.

The articles are:

The people in India differ greatly from one another in respect of language and social habits. Regionalism describes situations in which different religious or ethnic groups with distinctive identities coexist within the same state boundaries, often concentrated within a particular region and sharing strong feelings of collective identity.

Regionalism stands for the love of a particular region or an area in preference to the nation or any other region. 

Thus to understand the different dimensions related to the regionalism following topics have been covered in this series:

These Articles may prove to be fruitful in writing Mains answers.

According to Administrative Reforms Commission: The district is the most convenient geographical unit where the total apparatus of public administration can be concentrated, and where it comes into direct contact with the people. Most departments of the state Government out-side the secretariat, have external services which are located in the district. The sum total of the activities of these departments and some others, which may also be connected with the affairs of the Central Government, together constitute the administrative machinery in the district.

In this series we are analyzing the working of District Administration in different dimensions as follows:


India’s vital geo-strategic location in the Indian Ocean has helped for its growth as an emerging economy.  Her prominent peninsular orientation and flanking island chains overlook strategic sea lanes in the Indian Ocean, linking her security and prosperity inextricably to the seas.

But due to its strategic position it is facing many threats. The maritime security especially with respect to India has been covered in this issue under the following topics:

A dispute mechanism is a structured process that addresses disputes or
grievances that arise between two or more parties engaged in business,
legal, or societal relationships. Dispute mechanisms are used in
dispute resolution, and may incorporate conciliation, conflict
resolution, mediation, and negotiation.
There are many alternative dispute redressal mechanism in India apart
from core Judiciary mechanism.
Hereby discussing the topic under following heads:

Nuclear energy can help in making India energy sufficient nation. India today is recognized as a country with advanced nuclear technologies. Comprehensive indigenous capabilities have been developed in all aspects of nuclear power and associated fuel cycles. It has a large R&D base, qualified human resource and facilities for continual development of human resource, industrial capability and capacity as well as robust regulatory framework. The performance of Indian nuclear power stations and implementation of projects have been comparable to international benchmarks but still the nuclear policy of India is facing obstruction.

In this series we are analyzing the nuclear energy scenario of India alongwith different issues faced at international arena related to it. The topics covered are