Topical Analysis


The first-ever edition of "World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day"(World NTD Day) is launched on 30 January 2020. This initiative brings together various civil society organisations, community leaders, global health experts and policymakers working in the field of NTDs.

They share a bold ambition: #BeatNTDs. For good. For all, a goal fully supported by the Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) in Antwerp. 


  • Genome editing and CRISPR-Cas9 has been all over the news in the past couple of years, and with good reasons.
  • CRISPR-Cas9, a gene-editing tool is making gene editing easier and faster than ever, and the possibilities it has opened go well beyond human health.
  • Recently, Indian scientists developed a new variant of CRISPR-Cas9 and showed that it can increase precision in editing genome while avoiding unintended changes in DNA.
  • The researchers showed that this type of gene editing can be used to correct sickle cell anaemia, a genetic blood disorder.
  • The experiments were done in human-derived cells from patients of sickle cell anaemia.


  • Recently, Kerala police inducted a robot for police work.
  • Similarly, Chennai got its second robot-themed restaurant, where robots not only serve as waiters but also interact with customers in English and Tamil.
  • In Ahmedabad, in December 2018, a cardiologist performed the world’s first in-human telerobotic coronary intervention on a patient nearly 32 km away.

All these examples symbolise the arrival of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in our everyday lives. AI has several positive applications, as seen in these examples. But the capability of AI systems to learn from experience and to perform autonomously for humans makes AI the most disruptive and self-transformative technology of the 21st century.

                                                                                                                                                     (The Hindu)

Natural resources are essential for our survival. Agricultural land provides us with food; a sufficient supply of clean and potable water sustains life; and raw material of various kinds is needed for shelter.
Natural resources are required not only for meeting our basic needs, but also for fulfilling our aspirations for a better quality of life, for higher standards of living, for comfort and ease, and for economic and social well-being.
Every society depends on natural resources like biogenic and mineral raw materials, on energy sources like fossil fuels and solar and wind energy, and on clean water.
The environmental media and ecosystems are also understood as being natural resources, with their biodiversity, the different functions of their land areas, and their services. They constitute the essential elements that keep our economy functioning and guarantee an increase in the well-being of mankind.

Kashmir has history of 6000 years, intermittently ruled by outsiders. The history of Kashmir is mainly divided into four periods:

Shah Mir ascended the throne under the name of Sultan Shamasud-din, and his dynasty ruled the state for 222 years. Sultan Sikander Butshika of Kashmir considered worst in Muslim Period. Firishta records that he persecuted the Hindus and issued orders prohibiting the residence of any other than Muslims in Kashmir. He also ordered the breaking of all golden and silver images.

The famous quote “Future wars will be fought over water” leaves little doubt that the world is moving towards an insurmountable water crisis and the effect will be most pronounced in developing countries including India. The crisis of adequate safe drinking-water has gained currency in the recent years and this lack of access to clean and regular drinking water is disproportionately felt by the socially, economically, geographically or demographically disadvantaged ones.

India supports over 16% of the world’s population with only 4% of the world’s freshwater. To make matters worse, more than half of the major rivers in India are highly polluted and unfit for consumption. Challenges will further intensify with rapid climate change contributing to more extreme weather shocks. Increasing population, frequent floods and droughts, delayed monsoons, and rising pollution are some of the key concerns leading to drinking water crisis. While the government has introduced multiple initiatives and awareness towards clean drinking water, the real crisis is more alarming than the reports.

On 8th November demonetization was announced with the aim of the action was 
fourfold: to curb corruption; counterfeiting; the use of high denomination notes for 
terrorist activities; and especially the accumulation of “black money”, generated by 
income that has not been declared to the tax authorities.

The act of demonetisation has positive and negative impact on many areas, which have been compiled under following chapters:

Public policies are formulated and implemented in order to attain the objectives which the government has in view for the ultimate benefit of the masses in general. These policies clearly spell out the programmes of government.

But the policies and programmes faces lacunas at both the policy formulation and policy implementation.  

Some of the programmes have been discussed below with complete analysis related to them.

The articles are:

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