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Major Chinese Cities into Global S&T Innovation Center Index 2022

  • Published
    3rd Dec, 2022
Context

5 Chinese Cities have made it to the top 30 in the first edition of the Global S&T Innovation Center Index 2022 released by the Institute for Global Innovation and Development of East China Normal University.

Key Points from the report:

  • Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, and Guangzhou have been ranked in the top 30 cities of science and technology innovation.
  • Beijing has surpassed Boston in the US.
  • San Francisco-San Jose region in the US is the world's top scientific and technological innovation center.
  • Among the top 100 science and technology innovation centers, 26 cities are from the US
  • Only two European cities made the top 10, showing a lack of innovation momentum.

Other Ranking Indexes related to Innovation:

  • Global Innovation Index 2022
  • The Global Innovation Index, which is published annually, has been a leading reference for measuring an economy’s innovation performance.
  • The GII has been recognized by the UN Economic and Social Council in its 2019 resolution on Science, Technology, and Innovation for Development as an authoritative benchmark for measuring innovation in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
    • Theme for 2022: “What is the future of innovation-driven growth?”.
    • India was ranked 40th position out of 132 in the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2022.
  • Published by: It is published by WIPO, in partnership with the Portulans Institute and with the support of its corporate partners including the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), the Brazilian National Confederation of Industry (CNI), Ecopetrol (Colombia), and the Turkish Exporters Assembly (TIM).

What is WIPO?

  • WIPO is the global forum for intellectual property (IP) services, policy, information, and cooperation.
  • It is a self-funding agency of the United Nations, with 193 member states.
  • It aims to lead the development of a balanced and effective international IP system that enables innovation and creativity for the benefit of all.
  • Its mandate, governing bodies, and procedures are set out in the WIPO Convention, which established WIPO in 1967.
  • India Innovation Index:
  • The Indian government introduced an India Innovation Index on the lines of the Global Innovation Index.
  • This year it was the third edition of the Report.
  • It highlighted the scope of innovation analysis in the country by drawing on the framework of the Global Innovation Index.

Related Initiatives by India

  • Digital India: India embarked on the ‘Digital India’ journey in 2015 and has set up a goal of a trillion-dollar digital economy in the next few years.
  • National Education Policy 2020: To further strengthen innovation, the National Education Policy was introduced which promoted the spirit of inquiry by setting up incubation & technology development centers.
  • Atal Tinkering Labs: Over 9000 Atal Tinkering Labs encourage youth to develop solutions to society's problems.
  • Structural Reforms in IPR: India has taken up structural reforms to strengthen its Intellectual property rights (IPR) regime including modernization of IP offices, reducing legal compliances, and facilitating IP filing for start-ups, women entrepreneurs, small industries, and others.
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