Croatia becomes a fully integrated member of the EU
Croatia has switched to the euro and entered Europe’s passport-free zone – two important milestones for the country after joining the European Union (EU) nearly a decade ago.
- The Balkan nation bid farewell to its kuna currency and became the 20th member of the eurozone.
- It is now the 27th nation in the Schengen zone, the world’s largest passport-free travel area, which enables more than 400 million people to move freely around its members.
- Croatia, a former Yugoslav republic of 3.9 million people that fought a war of independence in the 1990s, joined the EU in 2013.
Polity & Governance
Government launches ‘Prahari’ app for BSF Jawans
The government launched the Border Security Force (BSF) mobile app 'Prahari'. This app is a great example of proactive governance.
- With the app, BSF soldiers can get personal and service related information, housing, Ayushman-CAPF and leave related information on their mobiles.
- Soldiers can also get information on various welfare schemes through this app.
TN Launches Project To Protect Nilgiri Tahr
In India's first-of-its-kind initiative, Tamil Nadu launched the 'Nilgiri Tahr project' to restore the state animal's original habitat and stabilising its population.
- Duration: Five-year
- The initiative was devised in line with Project Tiger and Project Elephant.
About the Species
- Nilgiri Tahr is an endangered wild goat species.
- Local name: Varaiaadu
- Habitat: The species was earlier found along the entire stretch of the Western Ghats, but they now remain restricted to small fragmented pockets in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.- WWF data (2015)
- The Eravikulam National Park in Anamalai hills, Kerala, is home to the largest population of the Nilgiri Tahr.
- Protection Status: They are protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972 and considered endangered by the IUCN.
Science & Technology
Ethylene glycol and the controversy behind it
The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) initiated a probe into the claims of Uzbekistan that at least 18 children died after consuming cough syrup manufactured by an Indian firm.
What is Ethylene glycol?
- Ethylene glycol is an organic compound with the formula (CH?OH)?.
- It is an odourless, colourless, flammable, viscous liquid. It is mainly used for two purposes
- as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibres
- for antifreeze formulations
- In addition to its use in antifreeze, ethylene glycol is used as an ingredient in hydraulic fluids, printing inks, and paint solvents.
- It is also used as a reagent in making polyesters, explosives, alkyd resins, and synthetic waxes.
- According to the WHO, diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol are toxic to humans and can be fatal if consumed.