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  • Published
    17th Feb, 2023

PM Narendra Modi inaugurated AadiMahotsav, a mega national tribal festival, at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in Delhi.


What is AadiMahotsav?

  • The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation Limited (TRIFED), which is part of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, organises the annual ‘AadiMahotsav’, which honours the spirit of tribal culture, crafts, gastronomy, trade, and traditional art.

Key-highlights of 2023 Edition

  • In nearly 200 stalls at the venue, the programme will present the rich and varied legacy of tribes from all around the nation, according to an official announcement.
  • At the Mahotsav, almost 1000 tribal artisans will take part.
  • Along with the customary attractions like handicrafts, handloom, ceramics, jewellery, etc., the Mahotsav will place a special emphasis on exhibiting Shree Anna grown by tribal people because 2023 is being observed as the International Year of Millets.

Tribals in India

India has the second-largest tribal population in the world. As per the Census 2011, the tribal population constitutes about 8.9% of the total population in India.

Why tribals are considered ‘vulnerable section’ in the society?

Tribal communities are often identified by some specific signs such as;

  • Primitive traits
  • Distinctive culture
  • Geographical isolation
  • Shyness to contact with the community at large
  • Backwardness
  • Though their vulnerability is defined by several factors;
    • Dependency on hunting and gathering for food
    • Having pre-agriculture level of technology
    • Zero or negative growth of population
    • Extremely low level of literacy

How government is empowering the tribes?

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs:The Ministry was set up in 1999 with the objective of providing a more focused approach to the integrated socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs).
  • Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS): EMRS have been set up to provide quality education to ST students (Class VI-XII) in remote areas through residential schooling facilities.
  • Pradhan MantriVanbandhuVikasYojana: Under the Pradhan MantriVanbandhuVikasYojana, a venture capital fund has been set up to promote entrepreneurship/start-up projects by ST youth.
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan JatiyaVikas Mission: Minimum Support Price (MSP) is ensured for Minor Forest Produce, and marketing support for tribal products is provided through the Pradhan Mantri Jan JatiyaVikas Mission.
  • TRIFED: Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of Indiasupports retail marketing for livelihood development among tribal communities of India. This includes the Van DhanYojana (VDY).
  • PradhanMantriAdiAdarsh Gram Yojana: PMAAGYaims at providing basic infrastructure in villages with a significant tribal population.
  • Health initiatives:Mission Indradhanush,NikshayMitra initiative. The government is also working for the management, control and eradication of Sickle Cell disease.
  • Honouring tribals: 10 Tribal Freedom Fighters’ Museumshave been sanctioned in States where tribals lived.
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