The Union Health Ministry has done away with the age cap of 65 years for receiving an organ from a dead donor, and guidelines are being revised to allow the elderly to register on waiting lists.
The numbers (Government data)
Organs from deceased donors accounted for nearly 8% of all transplants in 2022 in the country.
The number of transplants has increased over the years.
The total number of deceased organ transplants climbed from 837 in 2013 to 2,765 in 2022.
The total number of organ transplants – with organs from both deceased and living donors – increased from 4,990 in 2013 to 15,561 in 2022.
India conducts the third highest number of transplants in the world.
Every year, an estimated 1.5-2 lakh people need a kidney transplant. Only around 10,000 got one in 2022. Of the 80,000 people who required a liver transplant, less than 3,000 got one in 2022. And, of the 10,000 who needed a heart transplant.
Regulations pertaining to Organ donation
Organ donation in India is regulated by the Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act (THOTA), 1994, which was amended in 2011.
The Act made commercialisation of organs a punishable offence and also brought in the concept of brain death in India.
The latter paved the way for deceased organ donation (retrieving organs from brain stem dead persons).
Under the Act, the government has set up the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO) as an apex centre for procurement and distribution of organs.
In addition, there are regional (ROTTO) and state transplant organisations (SOTTO).
The latter lists recipients and allocates organs in each state using an organ-sharing network.