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The INS Mormugao and its capabilities

  • Published
    22nd Dec, 2022
Context

In a boost to the country’s maritime capabilities, INS Mormugao under Project 15B, has officially joined the Indian Navy’s fleet, marking a significant milestone for an indigenous military expedition.A

What is Project 15B?

  • Project 15 was launched in the 1990s to add guided missile destroyers to the inventory of the Indian Navy.
  • The project was named ‘Delhi class’.
  • It was followed by Project 15A or Kolkata class which primarily focused on advanced technology and equipment in surface ships.
  • Project 15B or the Visakhapatnam class is a follow-on class of weapon-intensive Project 15A destroyers.
    • The project was launched in January 2011.
  • P15B destroyers incorporate new design concepts for improved survivability, seakeeping, and maneuverability.
  • The lead ship of Project 15B, INS Visakhapatnam, was the first of the class to be commissioned.
  • Besides INS Mormugao, the other two destroyers are expected to be commissioned between 2023 and 2025.
About

About INS Mormugao (‘Yard 12705’):

  • Built by: Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDSL)
  • Dimensions: 163 m long and 17.4 m wide
  • Displacement: 7,400 tonnes when fully loaded
  • Crew Strength: It can be operated by a crew of 350
  • Total atmospheric control system (TACS): Offers protection to the crew from chemical, biological, and nuclear threats.
  • Firepower: BrahMos surface-to-surface missiles (SSM), Barak-8 surface-to-air (SAM) missiles.
  • Enhanced stealth features: Ensure a reduced Radar Cross Section or radar signature.
  • Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS): It is used to control and monitor machinery and auxiliaries.

What is the strategic importance?

  • Countering China: It will bolster India’s maritime capabilities in the Indian Ocean region to counter the threat from China.
  • Prepare the nation to deal with any situation arising due to the changing global scenario.
  • It will help in ensuring rule-based freedom of navigation and security of sea lanes.
  • This advanced stealth warship provides a strategic advantage to India.

Significance:

  • It is built with over 75% indigenous content
  • P15B destroyers are a hallmark of self-reliance in warship design and building and a shining example of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’
  • The commissioning of INS Mormugao is a shot in the arm for India’s self-reliance efforts.
  • It is also crucial for the 15-year Indian Naval Indigenization Plan (INIP) 2015-2030 implemented in 2014 for the indigenous development of its resources, and equipment and to make the nation self-reliant in defense technology.
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