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A Climate Question for G20

  • Published
    4th Sep, 2023

Context:

The Agriculture Working Group (AWG) of G20 highlighted priority areas to encourage diversification in agriculture by promoting sustainable agriculture, and channeling financial resources towards environmentally conscious and climate-resilient farming.

India's Achievements and Upcoming G20 Presidency

  • Chandrayaan-3 Success: India's successful moon landing with Chandrayaan-3 and a strong Q1 FY24 GDP growth rate of 7.8% boost India's image globally.
  • Leadership Opportunity: As India prepares for its G20 presidency, it can showcase its scientific capabilities and robust economic management, positioning itself as a key player in addressing global challenges.
  • Philosophy of 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam': Prime Minister Narendra Modi aims to leverage science and the economy for the benefit of humanity under the philosophy of 'One Earth, One Family, One Future.'

Addressing Food Security and Climate Change Challenges

  • Deccan High-Level Principles: The G20 Agriculture Working Group's principles focus on humanitarian assistance, nutritious food access, climate-resilient agriculture, innovation, and responsible investments.
  • Funding Challenges: Implementing these principles effectively requires substantial funding, posing a significant challenge.
  • Precision Technologies for Agriculture: India's success in precision technologies in space can be applied to agriculture, benefiting farmers facing extreme weather events, with a focus on sharing these technologies with Global South nations.

Prioritizing Sustainable Agriculture and Global Collaboration

  • Sustainable Agriculture Practices: G20 countries should encourage sustainable agriculture, climate-smart farming, and precision technologies to combat climate change's impact on agriculture.
  • Biofortification and Research: Promoting biofortification and research can enhance nutritional security. India's expertise in biofortification, like zinc-rich rice and wheat, can benefit the Global South.
  • Environmental Sustainability: Agri-policies must shift towards environmentally sustainable and nutritious food systems, as current policies harm natural resources. G20 collaboration is essential for addressing global food security and environmental challenges.
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