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Independence Day 2023

  • Published
    16th Aug, 2023
Context

On August 15, 2023 India celebrated its 77th Independence Day. The Prime Minister (PM), Mr. Narendra Modi led the celebrations with a speech from the Red Fort, New Delhi.

  • So, let us track the points from speech.
About Independence Day speech:
  • This year’s celebration is centered on “Nation First, Always First” as part of the larger “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav”.
  • Throughout the speech, he referred to the people of the country as "Parivaarjan” (family members).
  • This was Prime ministers’ 10th Consecutive Speech on Independence Day.

Highlights of the Speech:

  • Vision for a ‘New World’ Order:
    • PM Modi expressed that a transformative global shift, akin to the Post-World War II era, is in progress after the pandemic.
    • He likened India’s role to that of “Vishwamitra,” symbolizing its evolving significance on the world stage.
  • Launch of Vishwakarma Yojana:
    • PM Modi announced the initiation of the Vishwakarma Yojana, aimed at benefiting individuals skilled in traditional craftsmanship, particularly from the OBC community.
  • Beneficiaries: Weavers, goldsmiths, blacksmiths, laundry workers, barbers, and such families will be empowered through the ‘Vishwakarma Yojana’.
    • The scheme will receive an initial allocation of 13, 000-15,000 crore.
  • Empowering Border Villages:
    • PM highlighted the government’s “Vibrant Villages” initiative, transforming the perspective on border villages.
    • He stated that these border villages are not just the last in India but the first, signifying their importance.
  • Dream of Empowered Women:
    • PM Modi praised women’s self-help groups and aspired to create two crore ‘lakhpati didis’ (prosperous sisters).
    • He advocated for the protection of daughters and emphasized collective responsibility against atrocities.
    • Around 15,000 women’s SHGs would be given loan and training for operating and repairing drones.
  • Celebrating first year of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav (75 years of Independence):
    • The event marked the culmination of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ celebrations, which commenced in 2021.
  • Launched Housing scheme for Urban Poor:
    • Under the programme for urban poor, they would receive relief in interest rates and loans taken from banks to construct their houses.
    • The mission aims to address the urban housing shortage among the economically backward sections, including the slum dwellers by ensuring a ‘pucca’ house to all eligible urban households by 2022.
    • The Centre has released Rs.1.48 lakh crore assistance to States for implementation of the scheme.
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