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Iran to join SCO

  • Published
    16th Sep, 2022
Context

Iran has moved a step closer towards becoming a permanent member of a China and Russia-dominated Asian security body, SCO.

About

About Shanghai Cooperation Organization:

  • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.
  • It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security, and stability in the region.
  • It was created in 2001. Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
  • The SCO Charter was signed in 2002 and entered into force in 2003.
  • India and Pakistan became members in 2017.
  • SCO Secretariat – Based in Beijing to provide informational, analytical & organizational support.
  • The aim of SCO is to establish cooperation between member nations on:
    • Security-related concerns
    • Resolving border issues
    • Military cooperation
    • Intelligence sharing
    • Countering terrorism
    • Countering American influence in Central Asia
  • The 2022 annual summit of the SCO is being held in Samarkand (Samarkand also known as Samarqand, is a city in south-eastern Uzbekistan).
  • India will be the next chair of the organisation.

Members countries of SCO

8 Member States

4 Observer States 

6 Dialogue Partners

China

India

Kazakhstan

Kyrgyzstan

Russia

Pakistan

Tajikistan

Uzbekistan

Afghanistan

Belarus

Iran

Mongolia

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Cambodia

Nepal

Sri Lanka

Turkey

What significance the 2022 SCO summit hold for India?

  • While it is the first time since the pandemic, when SCO leaders will be meeting in person, the meet is also going to be a first of many others.
  • The meet will be a crucial balancing step for India in view of Russia's war with the eyes of the US on the summit.
  • The summit and the Modi-Putin meeting will also coincide with the kicking in of the G7's price cap on Russian oil.
  • As India will assume the presidency of the SCO until September 2023, the organisation could also be a vocal platform for New Delhi to push the agenda of regional and cross-regional connectivity.
  • India can also use the summit to push for the Chabahar port project and International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC).
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