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ONGC to map India’s geothermal resources

  • Published
    27th Jan, 2023
Context

The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) plans to map the geothermal energy sources of India in search of clean energy.

What is Geothermal Energy?

  • Geothermal energy is heat that is generated within the Earth. 
  • Geothermal energy is stored in the form of heat beneath the earth’s surface 
  • Type: Renewable resource 
  • Source: It is contained in the rocks and fluids beneath the earth’s crust and can be found as far down as the earth’s hot molten rock, magma.
  • Impact on environment: clean and carbon-free.
  • Process: A series of wells is used to generate steam from the Earth’s internal heat energy and fed to the power plant to generate electricity

Geothermal Energy in India

  • Geothermal province: There are seven geothermal provinces and a number of geothermal springs in India.
  • Total potential: According to the ministry of new and renewable energy, India has the potential to generate 10 gigawatts (GW) of geothermal power.
  • Major regions: Ladakh (Puga and Chumathang regions) has been identified as the most resource-rich region in terms of geothermal energy in the country.
    • Apart from Ladakh, there is abundant potential in Himachal Pradesh too which has several sources of geothermal energy along the rivers Alaknanda, Sutlej, Beas and Bhagirathi.
    • Efforts are also underway to utilize geothermal energy from oil and gas wells in the Gandhar oil field of ONGC’s Ankleshwar asset in Gujarat.

India’s Top Renewable Energy Projects

  • Puga Geothermal Energy Project, Ladakh
  • Bhadla Solar Park, Rajasthan
  • Jaisalmer Wind Park, Jaisalmer
  • Rewa Solar Project, Madhya Pradesh
  • Brahmanvel Wind Farm, Maharashtra
  • Gobar?Dhan Bio?CNG Plant, Indore
  • Vankusawade Wind Park, Maharashtra
  • Ramky Enviro Landfill, Gas to Bio?CNG Plant, Hyderabad
  • Shakti Sthala Solar Project, Karnataka
  • Simhadri Floating Solar PV Plant, Andhra Pradesh
  • Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park, Andhra Pradesh
  • Pavagada Solar Park, Karnataka
  • Muppandal Wind Farm, Tamil Nadu

About Maharatna ONGC

  • The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation is a central public sector undertaking under the ownership of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India. 
  • Headquarters: Dehradun 
  • Founded in: 1956
  • ONGC is the largest crude oil and natural gas Company in India.
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