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Poonch attack

  • Published
    22nd Apr, 2023

There has been a terrorist attack on an army vehicle in Jammu and Kashmir’s Poonch, in which the country has lost 5 of its brave soldiers in this terrorist attack.

Who is responsible for the attack?

  • The attack was carried out by the People's Anti-Fascist Front (PAFF), a terror organization supported by the Jaish.

What is the People’s Anti-Fascist Front (PAFF)?

  • The People’s Anti-Fascist Front (PAFF) is a military group engaged in the current conflict in Jammu and Kashmir between Kashmiri separatists and Indian security forces. 
  • India asserts that it’s a division of the Lashkra-e-taiba. 
  • PAFF organization was discussed for the first time when Article 370 was removed in J&K in 2019. 

Increasing Terrorism in India

  • India ranks 13thon The Global Terrorism Index (GTI). The GTI report is produced by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), a think tank, using data from Terrorism Tracker and other sources.

Framework for Combating Terrorism in India:

  • India recently hosted a special meeting of the UNSC's Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC), with the theme of 'Countering the use of new and emerging technologies for terrorist purposes'. 
  • India also hosted the meeting of “No Money For Terror“, which was an initiative of the French government, to specifically focus on cooperation between countries to choke terror funding.
  • In August 2019, the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act of 1967 was revised to include the ability to label individuals as terrorists.
  • National Investigation Agency is the lead law enforcement investigative agency to combat terrorism.
  • The National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act of 2008 has been amended by the Indian Parliament to give NIA the ability to investigate terrorism cases overseas.

Why erasing terror is becoming a challenge?

  • Increased freelancers: Radicalised individuals, also called ‘lone wolves’, ‘DIY’, or ‘freelancer’ terrorists are now committing random acts of terrorist violence.
  • Darknet: Terrorists have expanded the use of The Onion Router (TOR)-enabled darknet for propaganda, and recruitment on encrypted chat forums and platforms beyond the gaze of the security agencies.
  • Evolving tech, evolving terror: Advancing and emerging technologies like autonomous systems, 3D printing, and deep fake potentially offer terrorist prospects for weaponization.
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