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India assumes Chairmanship of RATS-SCO

  • Category
    International Relations
  • Published
    21st Dec, 2021

Context

Recently, India assumed the Chairmanship of Council of Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (RATS-SCO) in 2021 for a period of one year.

About

About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

  • It was founded in June 2001 by China, Russia, and the Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • It aimed to cooperate against non-traditional security challenges, in particular fighting the so-called “three evils” of terrorism, separatism, and extremism.
  • The fact that the SCO also strives to strengthen mutual trust and good neighbourly relations between its member states.
  • It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
  • Permanent Bodies: The organization has two permanent bodies —
    • SCO Secretariat based in Beijing
    • Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent
  • Observer: The SCO counts four observer states, namely the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Belarus, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Mongolia;
  • Dialogue partner: The SCO has six dialogue partners, namely the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Republic of Turkey, and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

RATS-SCO

  • The SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure established by the member states of the Shanghai Convention on 15 June, 2001.
  • Objective: To combat terrorism, separatism and extremism.
  • The Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is the permanent body of the SCO RATS based in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan.

Objectives of SCO

The main objectives of the SCO are to: 

  • strengthen relations among member states
  • promote cooperation in political affairs, economics and trade, scientific-technical, cultural, and educational spheres as well as in energy, transportation, tourism, and environmental protection;
  • safeguard regional peace, security, and stability
  • create a democratic, equitable international political and economic order
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