Karbi Anglong Agreement
Polity & Governance
13th Sep, 2021
In a bid to end decades of violence in Karbi Anglong in Assam, a tripartite agreement among five insurgent groups of Assam, the Centre and the state government was signed.
About Karbi Anglong
- Karbi-Anglong in Assam's largest district in terms of area.
- It is home predominantly to a tribal and ethnic population comprising members of Karbi, Bodo, Kuki, Dimasa, Hmar, Garo, Rengma Naga, Tiwa, and Man communities.
- Karbis make up more than 46 per cent of the district’s population of close to 10 lakh people per the 2011 Census.
Major issues of the group
- The Karbis are a major ethnic group of Assam, dotted by several factions and splinters.
- The history of the Karbi group has been marked by killings, ethnic violence, abductions and taxation since the late 1980s.
- Insurgent groups of Karbi Anglong district like People's Democratic Council of Karbi Longri (PDCK), Karbi Longri NC Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF), etc. originated from the core demand of forming a separate state.
- Some of the other demands of the militant groups are
- Inclusion of some areas into Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC)
- Reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes
- More powers to the council
- Inclusion of Karbi language in the Eighth Schedule
- Financial package of Rs 1,500 crore
What is in the agreement?
- The agreement grants greater devolution of autonomy to the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council.
- Cultural protection: It provides protection to the language, culture and identity of the region and reservation to the Karbi people.
- Karbi Welfare Council: Under the agreement, the Assam government will set up a Karbi Welfare Council for focused development of Karbi people living outside the KAAC area.
- Consolidated fund for development: The consolidated fund of the state would be augmented to supplement the development of the region.
- Special development package: A special development package of Rs 1000 crore over five years will be provided for projects there.
Autonomous District Council
- ADCs are bodies representing a district to which the Constitution has given varying degrees of autonomy within the state legislature.
Groups includes in Agreement
- The insurgent groups which signed the peace accord include
- Karbi Longri North Cachar Hills Liberation Front
- People's Democratic Council of Karbi Longri
- United People's Liberation Army
- Karbi People's Liberation Tigers faction