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PM Modi inaugurates Narmada canal

  • Category
    Geography
  • Published
    2nd Sep, 2022

Context

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Narmada canal that will bring water to Kutch from the Narmada Sarovar dam in south Gujarat.

About

About Narmada River:

  • The Narmada, the largest Westwardflowing river, rises near the Amarkantak range of mountains in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is the fifth largest river in the country and the largest one in Gujarat.
  • It traverses Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat and meets the Gulf of Cambay.  
  • The total length of the river from source to sea is 1312 kilometers(815 miles).

Important Tributaries

Tributaries in the south

  • The Shakkar
  • The Sher
  • The Tawa (longest tributary)
  • The Dudhi
  • The Ganjal

Tributaries in the north

  • The Barna
  • The Hiran
  • The Karam
  • The Choral
  • The Lohar

Narmada canal and branches

  • This project will cover Saurashtra, Kachchh as well as parts of North Gujarat (Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, and Panchmahal).

Need for the initiative

  • To boost the agricultural sector.
  • To expand the dairy industry.

Why Kutch is strategic for Gujarat?

  • Kutch had the largest cement plants in the world.
  • It stood second in the world in welding pipe manufacturing
  • Also holds the world’s second-largest textile plant and it also houses Asia’s first Special Economic Zone (SEZ) at Mundra.
  • Kandla and Mundra ports handle 30% of India’s cargo, and the district produces 30% of the country’s salt.
  • Kutch produces 2,500 MW of power from solar and wind energy.

Sardar Sarovar Project:

  • The Project is one of the largest water resources projects of India covering four major states – Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, and Rajasthan.
  • The dam’s spillway discharging capacity (30.7 lakhs cusecs) would be the third highest in the world.
  • The Narmada Main Canal would be the largest irrigation canal in the world.
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