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Scorpene submarine Khanderi

Published: 28th Mar, 2019

The Navy is set to induct the second Scorpene submarine Khanderi by early May.


The Navy is set to induct the second Scorpene submarine Khanderi by early May.


Scorpene-class submarines

  • These are a class of diesel-electric attack submarines jointly developed by the French Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) and the Spanish company Navantia, and now by Naval Group.
  • It features diesel propulsion and an additional air-independent propulsion (AIP).

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  • Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), Mumbai, is manufacturing six Scorpene submarines under technology transfer from Naval Group of France under a 2005 contract worth $3.75 bn.
  • The entire project is expected to be completed by 2020.
  • The first submarine of the class Kalvari joined service in December 2017.
  • Khanderi was launched into water in January 2017 and has since been undergoing a series of trials.
  • The third in the Scorpene series Karanj which was launched in January last year is in advanced stage of trials and could be ready for induction by year end.
  • The fourth submarine Vela is ready to be launched into water for trials around the same time depending on the ocean tide.
  • The last two submarines Vagir and Vagsheer are in advanced stages of manufacturing on the assembly line.
  • The fifth submarine is in the final stages of being booted together. The ‘Boot Together’ is where the five separate sections are welded together to form the submarine.

    Indian Navy’s Submarine Programme

    • Kalvari Class: INS Kalvari is the first of the six Scorpene class submarines built under Project 75.
    • Chakra Class: INS Chakra is an 8,140-tonne Akula class, nuclear-powered submarine. The submarine was commissioned in April, 2012.
    • Sindhughosh Class: These are the Kilo class diesel-electric submarines. They are designated 877EKM, and were built under a contract between Rosvooruzhenie and the Ministry of Defence (India).
    • The submarines have a displacement of 3,000 tonnes, a maximum diving depth of 300 meters, top speed of 18 knots, and are able to operate solo for 45 days with a crew of 53
    • Shishumar Class: The Shishumar class vessels (Type 1500) are diesel-electric submarines. These submarines are developed by the German yard Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW).
    • These submarines have a displacement of 1660 tons when surfaced, a speed of 22 knots (41 km/h), and a complement of 40 including eight officers. The submarines have the provision of an IKL-designed escape system.
    • The first two of these vessels were built by HDW at Kiel, while the remainder have been built.

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