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‘Sigur plateau’

  • Category
    Ecology and Environment
  • Published
    2nd Feb, 2021

The Supreme Court appointed conservationist Nandita Hazarika as Member of a Technical Committee constituted.

Context

The Supreme Court appointed conservationist Nandita Hazarika as Member of a Technical Committee constituted.

About

  • The Committee
  • The Technical Committee was constituted by SC in October 2020.
  • On October 14, the top court upheld the Tamil Nadu government’s authority to notify an ‘elephant corridor’ and protect the migratory path of the animals through the Nilgiri biosphere reserve.
    • The reserve is the largest protected forest area in India, spanning across Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.
  • It was constituted to hear complaints by land owners against the action taken by the Nilgris Collector, which included sealing of their buildings and allegations about the “arbitrary variance in acreage of the elephant corridor.”

Sigur plateau

  • The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity.
  • It has the Nilgiri Hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar River Valley on its north-eastern side.
  • The elephants cross the plateau in search of food and water.
  • The plateau is a low rainfall marginal land with poor soils and till recent times, also had a low population density.
  • There are five major streams in the Sigur plateau, namely, the Moyar River, Sigur River, Avarahalla River, Kedarhalla River and Gundattihalla River. All these rivers originate in the Nilgiris plateau.
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