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Literature Punjabi

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Paper-I

(Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script)

Section-A

a) Origin of Punjabi language : different stages of development and recent development in Punjabi language : characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones: classification of vowels and consonants.

b) Punjabi morphology : the number-gender system (animate and inanimate), prefixes, affixes and different categories of Post positions: Punjabi word formation: Tatsam. Tad Bhav, forms: Sentence structure, the notion of subject and object in Punjabi: Noun and verb phrases.

c) Language and dialect; the notions of dialect and idiolect; major dialects of Punjabi; Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, Puadhi; the validity of speech variation on the basis of social stratification, the distinctive features of various dialects with special reference to tones. Language and script; origin and development of Gurmukhi; suitability of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.

d) Classical background; Nath Jogi Sahit

Medieval literature : Gurmat, Sufti, Kissa and Var Janamsakhis.

Section-B

a) Modern trends Mystic, romantic, progressive and neomystic (Vir Singh, Puran Singh, Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant, Pritam Singh Safeer, J.S. Neki).

Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Ajaib Kamal).

Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh)

Neo-progressive (Pash. Jagtar, Patar)

b) Folk literature Folk songs, Folk tales. Riddles, Proverbs.

Epic-- (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad Mohan Singh)

Lyric-- (Gurus, Sufis and Modern Lyricists-Mohan Singh Amrita Pritam, Shiv Kumar, Harbhajan Singh)

c) Drama ---- (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh, Balwant Gargi, S.S.Sekhon, Charan Das Sidhu)

Novel -- (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh, Jaswant Singh Kanwal, K.S. Duggal, Sukhbir, Gurdial Singh, Dalip Kaur Tiwana, Swaran Chandan)

Short Story -- (Sujan Singh, K.S. Virk. Prem Parkash, Waryam Sandhu).

d) Socio-cultural   Sanskrit, Persian Literary influences and Western.

Essay -- (Puran Singh, Teja Singh, Gurbaksh Singh)

Literary Criticism -- (S.S. Sekhon, Attar Singh, Kishan Singh, Harbhajan Singh, Najam Hussain Sayyad).

Paper-II

(Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script)

This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidate's critical ability.

Section-A

a) Sheikh Farid  The complete Bani as included in the Adi Granth.

b) Guru Nanak   Japu Ji Baramah, Asa di Var

c) Bulleh Shah   Kafian

d) Waris Shah   Heer

Section-B

a) Shah Mohammad   Jangnama (Jang Singhan te Firangian)

Dhani Ram Chatrik  Chandan Vari

(Poet)                  Sufi Khana

                           Nawan Jahan

b) Nanak Singh  Chitta Lahu

(Novelist)  Pavittar Papi

                 Ek Mian Do Talwaran

c) Gurbaksh Singh Zindagi di Ras

 (Essayist)        Nawan Shivala

                       Merian Abhul Yadaan.

Balraj Sahni      Mera Roosi Safarnama

(Travelogue)     Mera Pakistani Safarnama

d) Balwant Gargi   Loha Kutt

(Dramatist)        Dhuni-di-Agg

                        Sultan Razia
Sant Singh Sekhon  Sahityarth

(Critic)        Parsidh Punjabi Kavi

                  Punjabi Kav Shiromani

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