What's New :
Open Session for INTEGRATED PREPARATION for Prelims and Mains. Register Now
Mentorship Sessions(Connect with the faculties and ask all your doubts). Book Now

‘Chipko movement’ to save Hasdeo Aranya

  • Published
    28th Apr, 2022

Local women in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh started a tree-hugging campaign recently, as trees are being cut for the mining project in Hasdeo Aranya.


Hasdeo Arand Region

  • The Hasdeo Arand Coalfield is spread over North Korba, south Surguja and Surajpur districts.
  • This is one of the largest intact forest areas in Central India outside of the protected area system.
  • The coalfield covers a total area of 1878 sq km. of which 1502 sq km. has forest cover.
  • Around 80% of this is covered by good quality forest (approximately 1176 sq km has a canopy cover of over 40% while an additional 116 sq km has a canopy cover of over 70%).
  • It is also part of a large elephant corridor stretching from supporting the migration of wild elephants from Gumla district in Jharkhand to Korba district of Chhattisgarh.
  • Hasdeo Arand region is home to a large and vulnerable population, most of them being Adivasis and other traditional forest dwellers.
  • Over 90% of the residents are dependent on agriculture cultivation and forest produce for their livelihoods.
    • The implementation of Forest Rights Act has remained extremely poor till date leaving the population extremely vulnerable to abuse and exploitation.
  • It is also the watershed of the Hasdeo Bango reservoir on the Hasdeo River, which is a tributary of the Mahanadi River and one of the most important rivers of Chhattisgarh.
  • The area was declared as a ‘No-Go Zone’ for mining by the Centre in 2009. Despite this, mining in the region continued as the policy for the ‘No-Go Zone’ was not finalised.

Environmental impact of the Mining Project:

  • According to the clearance report by the forest advisory committee, 95,000 trees will be cut for the project.
  • But according to our assessment, more than 200,000 trees spread across 841 hectares of forest will have to be chopped down.
  • This project, spread over 1,200 hectares, will lead to a displacement of around 700 people from Fatehpur, Hariharpur and Saili villages of the Sarguja and Surajpur districts
GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now