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Increase in disasters leads to spike in intentional homicides of women: UN Report

  • Published
    28th Apr, 2022
Context

Violence against women and girls increases in the aftermath of disasters and at the extreme end of the scale, this even takes the form of intentional homicides, according to a new United Nations report on disaster risk reduction.

Intentional homicide is defined as unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person.

About

The Report

  • Title: The Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2022(GAR 2022).
  • It builds on the analysis of United Nations-mandated SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) data on increased gender based violence in disasters.

Key-findings of the Report

  • 80 per cent of the time, women and girls are often dislodged from their homes due to changes in climatic conditions which lead to human-made disasters, affecting them disproportionately.
  • This strong correlation between the number of people affected by disaster and the number of female victims of intentional homicide was found to be the highest in central and south Asia, followed by east and south-east Asia.
  • Additional socioeconomic and psychological stresses of disasters on affected people increase vulnerability through indirect social impacts.
  • Increases in gender-based violence during disaster displacement and slow-onset disasters was a key concern at the global level, in regions such as Asia and the Pacific, as well as in various countries such as:
    • wildfires in Australia
    • cyclones in Bangladesh
    • floods and hurricanes in the United States
  • Disasters also fuel human trafficking, which has a strong gender dimension.

Challenges faced by Women

Women in particular face barriers to

  • Lack of access to information and resources needed to adequately prepare, respond and cope to a disaster ? including lack of access to:
    • early warning system
    • safe shelter
    • bank accounts to protect savings from disasters
    • stable income
  • Resource and structural constraint
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